Sources for Ship List 1

Seafaring Vessels in, or Voyaging to, Hudson Bay and Strait, Including Journeys into Ungava Bay, Foxe Basin, and James Bay, 1508–1920

Introduction:

The numbers in the source lists correspond to the numbers in the 6th column of the ship lists (headed Source #). This list of sources is not definitive. The sources here supply evidence  supporting, or qualifying, the inclusion of a vessel — and details of its owners, masters, and voyages — in the Ship List pages of doing canadianhistory 2.0. The entries may be expanded upon on an ongoing basis. They are also subject to correction: details might have been inadvertently scrambled in the act of posting. I would welcome notification of any errors or omissions.

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Ship List 1: Table 1

1 –

  • “Arctic Expeditions from England,” The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1845 (1845): 120–21.
  • R.A. Skelton, “Cabot, Sebastian,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Online [DCB] http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html (accessed 2004–2008).
  • Alan Cooke, and Clive Holland, The Exploration of Northern Canada: 500 to 1920, A Chronology (Toronto: Arctic History Press, 1978), 18–19.
  • P.D. Baird, “Expeditions to the Arctic,” part I, The Beaver, 28, No. 4 (March 1949): 44, includes a much earlier voyage, that of Karlsefni, in 1004: “Believed to have landed on Baffin Id. (Helluland) on his voyage to America, which followed [the even earlier] … discovery further south by Lief Eriksson.”
  • E.G.R. Taylor, “Hudson Strait and the Oblique Meridian,” Imago Mundi 3 (1939): 49, posits the existence of additional, unacknowledged early voyages to Hudson Strait after 1508. Based on a close examination, and applying latter-day mapping methods to early mariner charts, and thereby illustrating the conformance of their contours with current geographical conceptions of dimension, he deduces from that by 1580, “the Portuguese had not only entered Hudson Strait but had examined and charted Ungava Bay.”
  • See also A.H. de Trémaudan, The Hudson Bay Road (14981915) (London: J.M. Dent, 1915), 1 and n.2., who dates Portuguese voyages as taking place “between the years 1558 and 1567.”

2 – Gabriell & Michaell.

3 – Aide, Michaell & Gabriell.

4 – Ayde, Dionyse &c.

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Table 2

4 – Michael, Hopewel &c.

  • Refer to #4, Table 1, above.

5 – Sunneshine & Moonshine.

  • “Arctic Expeditions,” Nautical Magazine, 12–21.
  • Baird, “Expeditions to the Arctic,” part I, 44, puts the Sunshine at “50-60 tons.”
  • Margaret Montgomery Lardner, “Davis (Davys), John,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 24.

6 – Mermayde, North Starre &c.

7 – Elizabeth, Sunneshine & Ellen.

8 – Discovery & Godspeed.

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Table 3

9 – Discovery.

10 – Resolution & Discovery.

11 – Discovery.

12 – Discovery.

13 – Enhiörningen & Lamprenen.

14 – Lions Whelp &c.

15 – Charles.

16 – Henrietta Maria.

17

18 – Discovery.

  • Alice M. Johnson, “Early Ships in Hudson’s Bay,” The Beaver 26, no. 1 (June 1946): 10.
  • E.E. Rich, The History of the Hudson’s Bay Company 16701870, vol. I (London: Hudson’s Bay Record Society, 1958), 32, 40.
  • Alan Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” The Beaver 50, no. 1 (summer 1970): 7.

19 – Eaglet & Nonsuch.

  • Hudson’s Bay Company Archives [HBCA], Search File, Ships, Enclosure No.1 to C.C.16127, “List of Ships sailing for Hudson Bay,” includes the Nonsuch only.
  • Baird, “Expeditions to the Arctic,” part I, 45, lists only Nonsuch.
  • Johnson, “Early Ships in Hudson’s Bay,” 10–11.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 34, 36–38, 40–41, 55–56, 70.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 7.
  • Moriarty, “Gillam, Zachariah,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 32.

20 – Hadarine & Wivenhoe.

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Table 4

21 – Wivenhoe.

22 – Prince Rupert.

23 –

  • Rich, History, vol. I, 67.

24 – Prince Rupert.

25 – Messenger.

26 – Imploy.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Early Ships in Hudson’s Bay,” 12.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 10, designates the vessel “Employ.”
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 34.

27 – Prince Rupert.

28 – Shaftesbury.

29 – Prince Rupert.

30 – Shaftesbury.

31 – Shaftesbury.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Maud M. Hutcheson, “Cobbie, Walsall.”
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 36.

32 – Prince Rupert.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Early Ships in Hudson’s Bay,” 13.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 97.
  • Maud M. Hutcheson, “Power (Powers), Richard,” and “Lucas, Richard,” DCB.
  • John Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse: Hudson’s Bay Company Transport, 1670–1821,” Ph.D. diss. (Winnipeg: University of Manitoba, 1978), 53.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 36.

33 – Shaftesbury.

34 – Colleton.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 10.
  • Johnson, “Walker, Nehemiah,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 36.

35 – John and Alexander.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships; and Ships Records Finding Aid [sic], Section C (in two parts), complied 1953.
  • Johnson, “Walker, Nehemiah”; Hutcheson,“Lucas, Richard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 36.

36 – Colleton.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 95.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.
  • Hutcheson, “Cobbie, Walsall”; G.E. Thorman,“Outlaw, John”; and Alice M. Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Cooke  and Holland, Exploration, 37.

37 – Prudent Mary.

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Table 5

38 – Albemarle.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 94, 97.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 9.
  • Maud M. Hutcheson, “Draper, Thomas”; and Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 37.

39 – Hayes.

  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 234, 243, 252.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.

40Diligence.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships, also includes the Prince Rupert this year, apparently in company with Albany, but this appears to be a typographical error, likely meant to be a reference to the return of the Rupert and Albemarle to London.
  • Johnson, “Walker, Nehemiah”, “Abraham, John”, and “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 48.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 37.

41Prince Rupert.

42Albemarle.

43Friendship.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 99, 100.
  • K.G. Davies ed., with A.M. Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay 170340 (London: Hudson’s Bay Record Society, 1965), 395.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 38.

44Lucy.

  • Rich, History, vol. I, 99–100.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, 369.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 38.

45James.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 104–105.
  • E.E. Rich, ed., Letters Outward 168896 (Toronto: Champlain Society, 1948), xxxin., 239n.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, 395.

46Craven.

47

  • Rich, History, vol. I, 100.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.

48

  • Michael F. Dove, “Voyages to Rupert’s Land: The Hudson’s Bay Company’s Maritime Component, 1670–1770,” in Selected Papers of Rupert’s Land Colloquium 2002, compiled by David G. Malaher (Winnipeg: Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies, 2002), 22–23.

49Bachelor’s Delight.

50St. Pierre & Ste. Anne.

51Expectation.

  • Rich, History, vol. I, 104–105.
  • Hutcheson,“Lucas, Richard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

52Diligence.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Walker, Nehemiah,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

53George.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Abraham, John,” and “Bond, William,” DCB.
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 46.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

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Table 6

54 – Expectation.

55John and Thomas.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Maud M. Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard”; and Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 46–47.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

56Lucy.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Thorman,“Outlaw, John”; and K.G. Davies, “Kelsey, Henry,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

57Happy Return.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Tyrrell, Documents, 12, designates the HBC ships this year the Happy Return, Success, and Adventure. I find, however, that the vessel names in his history,  accompanying the transcribed documents, are sometimes at odds with other, reliable, sources.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William”; and Thorman,“Outlaw, John,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 39.

58

59Owner’s Goodwill.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Lucas, Richard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 40.

60 Success.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.
  • Thorman,“Outlaw, John,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 40.

61Happy Return.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 40.

62Perpetuana Merchant.

63Happy Return.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William,”and “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 52.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 40.

64Abraham and Robert.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 40.

65Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships; and Ships Records Finding Aid.
  • Warner, “Voyaging to York Factory,” 18.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 11.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 41–42.

66Huband.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships; and Ships Records Finding Aid.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12.
  • Thorman, “Smithsend, Richard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 41–42.

67John and Thomas.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 41–42.

68Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12–13.
  • Maud M. Hutcheson, “Young (Yonge), James,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 42.

69Churchill.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships, includes a prior voyage by this ship in 1686.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 12, 13.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 42.

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Table 7

70Yonge.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships, includes a prior voyage by this ship in 1686.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 11–13.
  • Johnson, “Bond, William”; Thorman,“Outlaw, John,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 42.

71John and Thomas.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 42.

72Mary.

73Humphrey and Thomas.

  • Rich, History, vol. I, 237.

74Soleil d’Arique &c.

75Hopewell.

  • Davies, “Kelsey, Henry,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 43.

76Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Warner, “Voyaging to York Factory,” 19–20.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 254–55.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 13, lists the vessel as 220 tons burden.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard”; and Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 54.

77Northwest Fox.

78Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 44.

79Prosperous.

80Dering.

81Ste. Anne, St. François-Xavier &c.

82 – Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 44.

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Table 8

83 – Loyalty.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 279–280, 282.
  • Hutcheson, “Young (Yonge), James,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 44.

84Hudson’s Bay.

85Prosperous.

86Pery.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History vol. I, 287.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, “Ships Sailing Between England and Hudson Bay, 1670–1740,” 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 44–45.

87Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 44–45.

88Ste. Anne.

89Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 45.
  • J. Storer Clouston, “Orkney and the Hudson Bay Company,” part II, The Beaver 16, no. 4 (March 1937): 43, notes that a “certain Captain Simson [sic]” sailed to Scotland for the HBC this year in order to recruit men for Company service.

90Supply.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Hutcheson,“Edgecombe, Leonard,” DCB, notes that Edgecombe bought the Supply from the HBC in 1694, and was killed by pirates in 1696.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 45.

91Ste. Anne.

92Hudson’s Bay.

93Dering.

94Poli.

95Charante.

96Hudson’s Bay.

97Dering.

98Knight.

  • HBCA, B.3/a/4, Albany Post Journal, 1712–1713, 1 August 1712; and Search File, Ships.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 13.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 336.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710]; Thorman, “Smithsend, Nicholas”; Davies, “Kelsey, Henry”; and Richard Glover, “Ward, Richard,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 46.

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Table 9

99 – Bonaventure.

100Seaford.

101Hardi & Dragon.

102Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • J. Prest, “The Great Sea Fight of 1697,” The Beaver 4, no. 8 (May 1924): 285, notes the vessel had 32 guns.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 13.
  • Thorman, “Smithsend, Nicholas,” DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47.

103Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Prest, “Great Sea Fight,” 285.
  • Warner, “Voyaging to York Factory,” 20.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 13.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47.

104Owner’s Love.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47.

105Hampshire.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Tyrrell, Documents, 26–29.
  • Prest, “Great Sea Fight,” 285.
  • Cameron, “Ships of Three Centuries,” 13.
  • Thorman, “Smithsend, Nicholas”; Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47.

106Pélican, Palmier &c.

107Dering.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710]; and Davies, “Kelsey, Henry,” DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47–48.

108Pery.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, 21 n.1, and Appendix B, 335.
  • Hutcheson “Baley (Bayly, Bayley), Henry”; and Alice M. Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [fl. 1698–1719] DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 47–48.

109

  • Jérémie, Twenty years of York Factory, 30–31, 39–40, stationed in Hudson Bay, he apparently sailed to France in 1707 and arrived back in the Bay in 1709.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 50, observe that “the French had presumably made many voyages to Hudson Bay after the Treaty of Ryswick.”
  • Rousseau, “Jérémie, dit Lamontagne, Nicolas,” DCB, states that “From 1709 to 1713 we are told not a single French ship reached Hudson Bay.” He is perhaps referring to Jérémie’s complaint that he had “received no help from France” – though whether this means no ships, no men, or just inadequate supplies is not clear.
  • See also Richard Glover, “Introduction,” in Letters from Hudson Bay, ed. Davies with Johnson, lxv, and Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, 51, who note that as of 1715 one French brig remained abandoned in Sloops Creek at York Fort, “broke all to pieces wth. ye ice [sic].”

110Dering.

  • HBCA, C.7/39, Ships’ Miscellaneous Papers, Dering frigate; and Search File, Ships.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 335.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 48.

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Table 10

109

  • Refer to #109, Table 9, above.

111Pery.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 336.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 48.

112Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 336.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 48.

113Atalante.

114St. Francis Xavia [sic].

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.

115Hudson’s Bay.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 336.
  • Johnson, “Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710] DCB.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 380, attributes the ship running aground to ‘Young’ Grimington, and Johnson’s version suggests he may have had command while his father was ill.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 49.

116Pery.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, Appendix B, 336.
  • Richard Glover, “Davis, Joseph”; and Davies, “Kelsey, Henry,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 49.

117Phénix.

118Hudson’s Bay.

119Eastmain.

  • HBCA, Search File, Ships.
  • Rich, History, vol. I, 453–54.
  • Davies with Johnson, Letters from Hudson Bay, 23, 39n.1, 44, 59, and Appendix B, 336, note that the vessel was lost in 1714 “in an excessive storm of wind.”
  • Alwin, “Mode, Pattern and Pulse,” 56.
  • Johnson, “McCliesh, Thomas”; Glover, “Davis, Joseph”; and Ernest S. Dodge, “Vaughan, David,” DCB.
  • Cooke and Holland, Exploration, 49.

120

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Continued in Source for Ship List 2


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