Dictionary of Canadian Biography entries for Seafarers

Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Online [DCB] http://www.biographi.ca/EN/index.html

Note: I use the term seafarers broadly, as in “a traveller by sea.” As recent studies of seafaring that examine the experiences of women who accompanied their husbands to sea have shown, the sailors’ world on water included people other than seamen. While recognizing that the term seafarer signifies “esp[ecially] one whose life is spent in voyaging, a sailor,” my application of the more inclusive sense acknowledges the contribution made to the collective experience of sailors by passengers, masters, and crew members not necessarily qualified as ‘Able Bodied Seamen,’ such as carpenters, cooks, and surgeons.[1]

The list below concentrates on sailors and seafarers connected with Western Canadian development via sailing Hudson Bay and associated waters.

Listed Alphabetically as link “Seafarer by Surname,” with name of contributing author

Abraham, John,” Alice M. Johnson

Allemand, Pierre,” F. Grenier

Apthorpe, Alexander,” Alice M. Johnson

Atkinson George,” Jennifer S.H. Brown

Atkinson, George (Sneppy),” Glydwr Williams

Baffin, William,” Ernest S. Dodge

“Baley (Bayly, Bayley), Henry,” Maude M. Hutcheson

Bayly (Baily, Baley), Charles,” Alice M. Johnson

Beale, Anthony,” Alice M. Johnson

Beare, James,” Thomas Dunbabin

Berley (Barley, Barlow), George,” Ernest S. Dodge

Bermen de La Martinière, Claude de,” Edward H. Borins

Bethune, Angus,” Hilary Russell

Bevan (Beevin, Beven), William,” Alice M. Johnson

Bird, Thomas,” Alice M. Johnson

Bond, William,” Alice M. Johnson

Bridgar, John,” Clifford P. Wilson

Button, Sir Thomas,”Aled Eames

Bylot, Robert,” L.H. Neatby

Cabot, Sebastian,” R.A. Skelton

Chouart Des Groseilliers, Médard,” Grace Lee Nute

Clouston, Sir Edward Seaborne,” Carman Miller

Coats, William,” Glyndwr Williams

Cobbie, Walsall,” Maud M. Hutcheson,

Davis (Davys), John,” Margaret Montgomery Lardner

Davis, Joseph,” Richard Glover

Denys de la Ronde, Louis,” Bernard Pothier and Donald J. Norton

Donnacona,” Marcel Trudel

Draper, Thomas,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Dugué de Boisbriand, Pierre,” W. Stanford Reid

Duncan, Charles,” Barry M. Gough

Edgecombe, Leonard,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Erlandson, Erland,” Alice M. Johnson

Fox (Foxe), Luke,” William F.E. Morley

Frobisher, Sir Martin,” Alan Cooke

Fullartine, John,” Alice M. Johnson

Galaup, Jean-Françoise de, Comte de LaPérouse,” Étienne Taillemite

Geyer (Guyar, Guyer), George,” Alice M. Johnson

Gibbons, William,” Ernest S. Dodge

Gillam, Benjamin,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Gillam, Zachariah,” G. Andrew Moriarty

Gordon, Andrew Robertson,” Morley K. Thomas

Gorst, Thomas,” Alice M. Johnson

Grimington, Michael,” [d. 1710], Alice M. Johnson

Grimington, Michael,” [fl. 1698–1719], Alice M. Johnson

Hawkeridge (Hawkridge), William,” Nora T. Corley

Hearne, Samuel,” C.S. Mackinnon

Henday (Hendey, Hendry), Anthony,” Clifford Wilson

Hudson, Henry,” L.H. Neatby

Inukjuarjuk,” Dorothy Harley Eber

Isham, James,” E.E. Rich

Isbister, Joseph,” Sylvia Van Kirk

Isbister, William,” George E. Thorman

James, Thomas,” Alan Cooke

Jérémie, dit Lamontagne, Nicolas,” Jacques Rousseau

Kelsey, Henry,” K.G. Davies

Kennedy, William,” Edward Charles Shaw

Knight, James,” Ernest S. Dodge

Lane, Daniel,” Maude M. Huthcheson

Le Moyne de Châteauguay, Louis,” Jean Blain

Le Moyne d’Iberville … et d’Ardillièrs …, Pierre,” Bernard Pothier

• See also Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville 1686 – 1702, Virtual Museum of New France.

Le Moyne de Martigny et de la Trinité, Jean-Baptiste,” Bernard Pothier

Le Moyne de Saint-Hélène, Jacques,” Jean Blain

Le Moyne de Serigny et de Loire, Joseph,” Bernard Pothier

Longland, John,” Glyndwr Williams

Lucas, Richard,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Lydall (Lyddall, Liddall), William,” Maud M. Hutcheson

McCliesh, Thomas (sometimes written Macklish, Maclish, Mack Leish, and Mack Clish),” Alice M. Johnson

Marsh (March), John,” Maude M. Huthcheson

Meliki (Melichi; originally named Aussar),” Dorothy Harley Eber

Middleton, Christopher,” Glyndwr Williams

Mitchell, Thomas,” Glyndwr Williams

Moore, Thomas,” G.E. Thorman

Moor, William,” Glyndwr Williams

Munk (Munck), Jens Eriksen,” Nora T. Corley

Napper, James,” L.H. Neatby

Norton, Moses,” Sylvia Van Kirk

Norton, Richard,” Alice M. Johnson

Outlaw, John,” G.E. Thorman

Pastore de Costebelle, Phillippe,” Georges Cerbelaud Salagnac

Pattin, John,” Maude M. Hutcheson

Pilgrim, Robert,” Joan Craig

Power (Powers), Richard,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Pruden, John Peter,” W.H. Brooks

Radisson, Pierre-Esprit,” Grace Lee Nute

Rae, John,” R.L. Richards

Reid, James Murray,” Flora Hamilton Burns

Render, Thomas,” Alice M. Johnson

Rindisbacher, Peter,” J. Russell Harper

Romieux, Pierre,” Maud M. Hutcheson,

Sanford, Esbon (Ezbon Sandford),” G. Andrews Moriarty

Scroggs, John,” Glydwr Williams

Shepard (Shepheard), Thomas,” Alice M. Johnson

Silvy, Antoine,” Victor Tremblay

Smith, Francis,” Glyndwr Williams

Smithsend, Nicholas,” G.E. Thorman

Smithsend, Richard,” G.E. Thorman

Spurrell, George,” Glyndwr Williams

Staunton, Richard,” E.E. Rich

Thayendanegea,” Barbara Graymont

Theyanoguin,” Milton W. Hammilton

Thomas, Thomas,” [Sr.], Bruce Peel

Thompson, Joseph,” Maud M. Hutcheson

Tod, John,” Madge Wolfeden

Vaughan, David,” Ernest S. Dodge

Walker, Nehemiah,” Alice M. Johnson

Ward, Richard,” Richard Glover

Waymouth or Weymouth … George,” Thomas Dunbabin

Williams, William,” Shirlee Anne Smith

Young (Yonge), James,” Maud M. Hutcheson

[1] “seafarer,” Oxford English Dictionary online [OED] http://dictionary.oed.com (accessed 2004–2009); see also “mariner,” OED, which I use in the general sense, as in “1. … any person employed on a ship.” See Lisa Norling, “Ahab’s Wife,” in Iron Men, Wooden Women: Gender and Seafaring in the Atlantic World, 1700–1920, ed. Margaret S. Creighton, and Lisa Norling(Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996), 7091; Haskell Springer, “The Captain’s Wife at Sea,” in Iron Men, Wooden Women, 92117; Joan Druett, Hen Frigates: Passion and Peril, Nineteenth-Century Women at Sea (New York: Touchstone, 1998); and David Cordingly, Women Sailors and Sailors’ Women: An Untold Maritime History (Westminster, MD: Random House, 2001). The term ‘sailor’ I use for mariners below the officer rank. It is worth keeping in mind the observation of Sean T. Cadigan, “‘But for the loves of the fishes’: Maritime labour and ecological culture in nineteenth-century Newfoundland,” in Maritime labour: Contributions to the History of work at sea, 1500–2000, ed. Richard Gorski (Amsterdsam: Aksant, 2007): 105, who notes that most mariners of North America’s Eastern Seaboard “worked for short periods of their lives in deep-sea trades; they otherwise worked in a variety of related trades ashore, or within the contexts of much more household-like, small-scale production in fisheries or coastal trading.”

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