William Coldwell, Clerk of the Assembly

Link to Biography:

Preliminary Biographical Notes:

Born 18 November 1834, in London, England, William Coldwell came to Canada in 1854, after apprenticing as a typesetter and proof-reader for a Dublin newspaper.[1] He worked as a parliamentary reporter for the Toronto Leader to 1859, then travelled to Red River in company with William Buckingham — previously a parliamentary reporter with the Globe. The two, described as “practical printers … able to do their own work, and do it well,” had decided to publish Rupert’s Land’s first newspaper, the Nor’-Wester.[2]

Coldwell readily integrated into the settlement. In the pages of the Nor’-Wester he attested that the people of Red River,

though personally strangers, are already friends – who, forgetting those differences which in most other countries are the sources of jealousy, mistrust, and contention – the differences of position, origin, religion, and language –have cordially united in their good wishes for our success.[3]

Buckingham, however, left Red River the next year. His position as partner in the publishing enterprise was filled by James Ross, whose sister Coldwell married 31 October 1860. Jemima Ross (Métis), was the youngest daughter of Alexander Ross (of Morayshire, Scotland) and Sarah/’Sally’ Timentwa (Okanagan First Nation).[4]

When James Ross ended his association with the paper in 1863 (in order to study law in Toronto), Coldwell partnered with John C. Schultz. A fire in 1865 brought that business to an end. Coldwell, with his wife and children, then moved to Toronto where he earned a living as a reporter for the Globe to 1869. That year Coldwell and his children returned to Red River (Jemima had died in 1867). His brother-in-law James Ross and family returned as well. Coldwell was intent on founding a new newspaper, the North Star (ultimately named the Red River Pioneer), to counter a revived Nor’-Wester – reconstituted as a decidedly ‘loyalist’ paper that annoyed the majority of people in the Settlement and deeply offended those who were French and Catholic.[5]

mmmmmNorth Star notice, printed in the Nor’-Wester (13 September 1869), 2. [Click image to access full-size scan from Manitobia].

In November of 1869, Walter R. Bown, proprietor of the Nor’-Wester, purloined a proclamation that Coldwell was in the process of typesetting for HBC Governor William Mactavish. Bown’s action was enough to lead the French Guard of the Provisional Government installed at Fort Garry to finally shut down the Nor’-Wester.[6] Coldwell’s inaugural, 1 December, issue of the Pioneer turned out to be its last. He still devoted his time to reportage – particularly of meetings organized by the Provisional Government – but, probably in order to support himself in this endeavour, he sold his publishing proprietorship to Henry M. Robinson. The latter displayed his sympathy with the goals of the Provisional Government by changing the name on the masthead to The New Nation.[7] Coldwell appears to have been regarded throughout this period as “an honest fair dealing man.”[8] He was appointed English-language Secretary to the Convention of Forty and was named Clerk of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia.[9]

After the formation of Manitoba, in association with Robert Cunningham, Coldwell again became owner of a newspaper — the Manitoban. He continued to serve political clients to 1874, publishing texts for Lieutenant-Governor Archibald, the Executive Council of the Government of Manitoba, and the City of Winnipeg.[10] When the Manitoban merged with the Free Press in that year, Coldwell worked as the parliamentary reporter. At about this time he also remarried, to Jemima Mackenzie Ross (Métis) — widow of another of his first wife’s brothers, William Ross.[11] Coldwell was invalided by an unknown condition after 1877 (possibly tuberculosis), and died 4 February 1907 in Victoria, British Columbia.[12]

Date of Birth: 1834

Place of Birth: London

Marriages:

  • 1860 Jemima Ross
  • 1875/ 1876 to Jemima Mackenzie Ross

Member of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia; Position in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia:

  • Clerk of the Assembly

Date of Death: 14 February 1907, Victoria, BC


[1] See Sheila Grover, “Ross House, A Manitoba Historical Society Museum,” Manitoba History (2 November 1981). According to descendent family genealogists, Coldwell’s parents might have been George Coldwell and Catherine O’Brien.

[2] Douglas Crawford McMurtrie, The First Printing in Manitoba (Chicago: Eyncourt Press, 1931), 8.

[3] “Preliminary,” Nor’-Wester (28 December 1859), 2.

[5] On the North Star see “Pemican,” Nor’–Wester (13 September 1869), 2. On annoyance in the settlement with the new Nor’-Wester see AM, MG3 A1-12, “Minutes of meeting held in Parish of St. Clements to elect a member to the Council of the Provisional Government. Notes used by Thomas Bunn for speech at above meeting. 1870”; and “History of the Red River Press,” Red River Pioneer (1 December 1869). At this time the paper was owned by Walter Robert Bown of Canada – a close companion of Schultz — who harboured an intense antagonism toward Louis Riel. Bown, in turn, appears to have been roundly disliked by people of Red River.

[6] See Alexander Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal: and other papers relative to the Red River Resistance of 1869-1870, ed. W.L. Morton (Toronto: Champlain Society, 1956), 170; and Fiona Black, Patricia Lockhart Fleming, and Yvan Lamonde eds., History of the Book in Canada, vol. 2, 1840-1914 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005), 344.

[7] See Bruce B. Peel, Ernest B. Ingles, Norman M. Distad, eds., with Linda M. Distad, Tom Williams, Darcy A. Sharman, and Lorraine N. Strilesky, Peel’s Bibliography of the Canadian Prairies to 1953. 3d. ed. (first published as Bruce Peel, A Bibliography of the Prairie Provinces to 1953, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1956; 2d ed., enlarged with new foreword, 1973; revised and enlarged, 2003), 55 no. 490. The assertion that Coldwell’s talents and printing press were ‘seized’ by Louis Riel might be overstated – the originator of the idea being Col. J.S. Dennis. It seems more likely that Coldwell cooperated willingly with Riel to see that the people of Red River were kept well-informed by printed means — especially given that his brother-in-law, James Ross, was working directly with Riel to ensure such was the case as early as 6 November. See Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 119, 164, 241, 338, 341, 348, 520, which also records that Robinson insisted he had purchased the paper from Coldwell without any assistance from the Provisional Government. Morton suspects Robinson was forcibly compelled to give up the paper to Riel 19 March 1870. While Begg alleges Robinson resigned “disgusted,” the reason appears to be that, as newly appointed American Vice-Consul and a strong American annexationist, he was annoyed that “the New Nation was not allowed to publish anything favoring annexation,– that Riel had suppressed many articles he had prepared on that question.” Although it took some days for the Provisional Government to arrange payment, Robinson was paid for the business. Thomas Spence (of Portage) then became editor, possibly on the payroll of the Provisional Government.

[8] Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 174, recorded the assessment on Friday, 19 November 1869.

[9] The Assembly arranged for Coldwell to be paid £14 for his work as Secretary to the Convention of Forty.

[10] See, for example, Manitoba, Legislative Assembly, Statuts de Manitoba, passés dans la session tenue dans la trente-cinquième année de la règne de sa Majesté la reine Victoria, étant la deuxième session du premier parlement de Manitoba, commencée et tenue à Winnipeg, le seixième jour de janvier, close et prorogée le vingt-et-unième jour de février de la même année: l’Hon. Adams George Archibald, Lieutenant-Gouverneur (Winnipeg: Imprimés par Coldwell et Cunningham, 1872); City of Winnipeg, Charter of the City of Winnipeg: 37 Victoria, chapter, an act to incorporate the city of Winnipeg: Assented to, November 8, 1873 (Winnipeg: Printed by Coldwell & Cunningham, 1873); Manitoba, Executive Council, Report of the delegates of the Executive Council to Ottawa, with regard to the claims of Manitoba upon the Dominion (Winnipeg: Printed by Coldwell & Cunningham, Queen’s Printers, 1873). F.A. Milligan, “The Establishment of Manitoba’s First Provincial Government,” Manitoba Historical Society Transactions, ser. 3 (1948-1949 Season), http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/transactions/3/provincialgovernment.shtml.

[11] Grover, “Ross House,” conflates the identities of Coldwell’s wives. See also Alvina Block, “George Flett, Presbyterian Missionary to the Ojibwa at Okanase,” Manitoba History 37 (Spring/Summer), who supplies a photograph of Coldwell in a wheelchair with his second wife and a grandchild, c.1898.

[12] B.C. Archives, 1907-09-020196, Death Registration.

_______________________________________________________________________

Family Ties:

1. COLDWELL, George.

— sp. O’BRIEN, Catherine.

3. COLDWELL, William. Born 1834; first marriage 31 October 1860; 2d marriage 1 October 1875; died 4 February 1907, Victoria, British Columbia.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

— sp. ROSS, Jemima. Born 1 August 1837; baptized 4 August 1837; died 29 June 1867, Toronto, Canada; buried 1 July 1867 Toronto.

3. COLDWELL, Amy Sarah. Born 9 November 1861; baptized 10 December 1861; died 15 January 1866, Toronto, Canada; buried 16 January, Toronto.

3. COLDWELL, Mary Isabel. Born 29 October 1863; baptized 10 December 1863; married 5 June 1884, Headingley, Manitoba; died 25 September 1935, Armstrong, British Columbia; buried 28 September, Armstrong.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

— sp. FOWLER, Alfred.

3. COLDWELL, George Alex. Born 20 June 1865, Red River; baptized 1 July 1865; married 4 November 1896, Victoria, British Columbia; died 6 January 1922, Victoria; buried 10 January, Victoria.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

— sp. BROWN, Mable Susan.

— sp. MACKENZIE/McKENZIE, Jemima [Ross]. Born c. 10 January 1825/1826, [Quebec?!], to Roderick McKENZIE (HBC Chief Trader; born c. 1833;  froze to death 1829 at Portneuf, Mille Vaches district, St. Lawrence Seaway) and Sarah ‘Sally’ SUTHERLAND (daughter of Chief Factor James SUTHERLAND and an unnamed “Indian woman”; Sally died nine days after childbirth of Jemima’s younger brother); Jemima and her orphaned  sisters — Arabella, Margaret Jessie, and Elizabeth — were raised in the home of their maternal grandfather James Sutherland and his second wife, Jane FLETT [married 1828], at Red River); previously married to William ROSS [see Ross Family Ties below]; died 8 March 1912, [Weyanoke, Rosser, Manitoba?!].

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Jemima; born: Jan., 1825; father: Roderick McKenzie (White); mother: Sarah McKenzie (Métis); claim no: 1720; scrip no: 10622; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

______________________________________________________________________

Family Ties: Via Ross Family In-Laws

1. ROSS, Alexander. Born 9 May 1783 at Nairnshire, Scotland; married after the custom of the country c. 1812; died 1856.

— sp. Sarah/’Sally’. Born c. 1790/98, Columbia River district, to the wife of an Okanagan chief; married by church rites 24 December 1828 St. John’s, Red River Settlement; died 26 February 1884 at Winnipeg, Manitoba.

2. ROSS, Alexander. Born 1815; died 1835.

2. ROSS, Margaret. Born c. 1819, Oregon Territory; baptized 4 December 1827, Red River; married 7 March 1839 Red River; died 30 August 1841, Kildonan, Red River.

— sp. MATHESON, Hugh Walt. Born 12 May 1805/1806, Scotland; died 22 March 1879. [Appears by the number of reputed children to have remarried?]

Scrip affidavit for Matheson, Hugh; born: 1806; father and mother: Scots, original white settlers from Scotland, settled in Red River Country in 1815 =

3. MATHESON, Catherine. Born 1839.

Scrip affidavit for Pritchard, Catherine; born: 1839; husband: Richard Pritchard; father: Hugh Matheson (Scot); mother: Margaret Ross (Métis); claim no: 1749; scrip no: 10648; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. PRITCHARD, Richard.

3. MATHESON, Hugh.

3. MATHESON, Alexander.

3. MATHESON, John Pritchard.

2. ROSS, Isabella. Born c. 1820/1824; baptized 4 December 1824 at St John’s parish; married 4 February 1841, St John’s, Red River Settlement; died 18 February 1860/1865 at Kildonan, Red River Settlement.

— sp. GUNN, William. Born 31 August 1818/1820, Badger River district, North-West Territory to Donald GUNN of Scotland and Margaret SWAIN of York Factory; baptized 27 August 1822, St John’s, Red River; brother of Hon. George Gunn of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia; died 10 May 1842, St John’s Parish.

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Margaret Deceased wife of Donald Gunn; born: April 2, 1802; father: James Swain (English); mother: Indian; died: November 28, 1870; heirs: her children: James; John; Alexander; George, Donald; William, who died: May 1842; Matilda, wife of John Atkinson; Margaret, wife of John Drane; Janet, wife of A.M. Mickle; grandchildren of her son William through his daughter who married Frank Hunt; said grandchildren being Wm. Hunt Winnifred Hunt; claim no: 3039; date of issue: =

3. GUNN,

— sp. HUNT, Frank.

4. HUNT, William.

4. HUNT, Winifred.

— sp. GREEN, James Stewart.

3. GREEN, James. Born 14 July 1846.

Scrip affidavit for Green, James; born: July 14, 1846; father: James Green (American); mother: Isabella Ross (Métis); claim no: 886; date of issue: July 12, 1876 =

2. ROSS, Mary. Born 10 January 1823/1824, Oregon Territory; married 26 November 1840 at St John’s, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Flett, Mary, wife of Rev. George Flett; born: 10 January 1824; father: Alexander Ross; mother: Sarah; claim no.: 2856; date of issue: Sept. 5, 1878 =

— sp. FLETT, George [Rev.]. Born 10 February 1817 to George Flett (of Firth, Orkney Islands, Scotland) and Margaret ‘Peggy’ Whitford (born 1796, Swan River district); previously married to Frances Cook; died 28 October 1897.

Scrip affidavit for Flett, George; born: 10 February 1817; father: George Flett (Scot); mother: Peggy Whiteford (Métis); claim no.: 2673; date of issue: Apr. 20, 1877 =

3. FLETT, Margaret.

3. FLETT, Annie. Born 23 November 1861 to Alexander W. Ross and Ann Sutherland; adopted by George Flett and Mary Ross.

Scrip affidavit for Flett, Ann; born: 23 November 1861; illegitimate child of Alexander W. Ross and Ann Sutherland; adopted by the Rev. George Flett and his wife Mary Flett (nee Ross) aunt of the child =

2. ROSS, Sarah Ann. Born c. 1832/1833; married 23/25 May 1847, Red River; died 19 January 1868, at Headingley, Red River.

— sp. CUNNINGHAM, James. Born 20 November 1820/1824, Ile-a-la-Crosse, to Patrick CUNNINGHAM and Nancy Ann BRUCE (daughter of Benjamin BRUCE [c. 1770–1823] and Mathilda, an Aboriginal woman); baptized 27 August 1826, Red River; second marriage in 1868 to Letitia PRITCHARD; died 1915.

Scrip affidavit for Cunningham, James; born: 1824; father: Patrick Cunningham (Irish); mother: Nancy Bruce (Métis); claim no.: 1568; scrip no.: 10478; date of issue: Sept 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. CUNNINGHAM, Henrietta Catharine. Born 21 December 1849, St John’s.

Scrip affidavit for Clouston, Henrietta, C.; wife of Alexander Clouston; born: Dec. 21, 1849; father: James Cunningham (Métis); mother: Sarah Cunningham (Métis); claim no.: 1565; scrip no.: 10476; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. CLOUSTON, Alexander Campbell.

Scrip affidavit for Clouston, Alexander C.; born: Oct. 6, 1843; father: Wm. Clouston (Scot); mother: Catherine Campbell (Métis); claim no.: 1564; scrip no.: 10475; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

4. CLOUSTON, Flora Catherine. Born 4 October 1884; died 19 January.

Clouston, Henrietta; for her deceased daughter, Flor Catherine Clouston; born: 4 October, 1884 on Sec. 14, T.3, R.13; died: 19 January, 1889 at Somerset; address: Somerset; father: Alexander Campbell Clouston (Métis); mother: Henrietta Catherine Clouston (Métis and deponent); heirs: Henrietta Catherine Clouston; scrip cert.: form D, no. 3181 for $48.00; John Alexander Clouston, scrip cert.: form D, No; 3189 for $48.00; George Herbert Clouston, scrip cert.: form D; no. 3190 for $48.00; JamesAlfred Clouston, scrip cert.: form D; no. 3182 for $48.00; William Francis Clouston; scrip cert.: form D, no. 3183 for $48.00; claim no. 954 =

4. CLOUSTON, Lawrence Charles. Born 25 January 1882; died 18 September 1882.

Clouston, Henriette Catherine; for her deceased son, Lawrence Charles; claim no. 939; Clouston; born: 25 January, 1882 on Sec. 14, T.3, R.13; died: 18 September, 1882 on Sec. 14, T.3, R.13; address: Somerset, Manitoba; father: Alexander Campbell Clouston (Métis); mother: Henriette Catherine Clouston (Métis and deponent); heirs: Henrietta Catherine Clouston; scrip cert.: form D, no. 3181 for $48.00; John Alexander Clouston, scrip cert.: form D, no. 3187; for $48.00; George Herbert Clouston, scrip cert.: form D, no. 3188; for $48.00; James Alfred Clouston, scrip cert.: form D, no. 3189; for $48.00; William Francis Clouston, scrip cert.: form D, no. 3190; for $48.00 =

3. CUNNINGHAM, Alexander. Born 14 January 1852/1854.

Scrip affidavit for Cunningham, Alexander; born: 14 January 1854; father: James Cunningham; mother: Sarah Ross =

3. CUNNINGHAM, Sarah. Born 1854.

Scrip affidavit for Stevenson, Sarah Ann; born: May 23, 1849; husband: James Stevenson; father: James Cunningham; mother: Sarah Ross; claim no: 2671; scrip no: 12242; date of issue: April 20, 1877; amount: $160 =

— sp. STEVENSON, James.

3. CUNNINGHAM, James. Born 1858.

3. CUNNINGHAM, John. Born 1860.

2. ROSS, William. Born 1825; married 12 December 1844; succeeded to public offices held by his father — sheriff, governor of the jail, councillor, and postmaster; died c. 1856.

— sp. MACKENZIE/McKENZIE, Jemima [Ross]. Born c. 10 January 1825/1826, [Quebec?!], to Roderick McKENZIE (HBC Chief Trader; born c. 1833;  froze to death 1829 at Portneuf, Mille Vaches district, St. Lawrence Seaway) and Sarah ‘Sally’ SUTHERLAND (daughter of Chief Factor James SUTHERLAND and an unnamed “Indian woman”; Sally died nine days after childbirth of Jemima’s younger brother); Jemima and her orphaned  sisters — Arabella, Margaret Jessie, and Elizabeth — were raised in the home of their maternal grandfather James Sutherland and his second wife, Jane FLETT [married 1828], at Red River); previously married to William Ross [see Ross Family Ties below]; died 8 March 1912, [Weyanoke, Rosser, Manitoba?!].

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Jemima; born: Jan., 1825; father: Roderick McKenzie (White); mother: Sarah McKenzie (Métis); claim no: 1720; scrip no: 10622; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. ROSS, Sarah Ann.

3. ROSS, William Roderick. Born 1849.

— sp. MATHESON, Jemima. Born 1854 to Donald Matheson and Barabara Fraser; her mother died of complications due to childbirth so Jemima was raised by her uncle and aunt, Hon. William Fraser of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia and Annie McBeath.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Jemima; born: 1854; father: Donald Matheson, an original white settler from Scotland, entered Red River Country in 1832; husband: W.R. Ross =

3. ROSS, Alexander. Born 2 January 1851/1852; died December 1873.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Alexander; born: January 2, 1852; died: December 1873; father: William Ross (deceased); mother: Jemima McKenzie; heirs: William R. Ross, his brother, Marguerite Ross, his sister, and Jemima Ross, his mother =

3. ROSS, Marguerite.

3. ROSS, Jemima Isabella. Born 1856.

2. ROSS, Henrietta ‘Henny’. Born 17 May 1830; died 21 March 1873.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

— sp. BLACK, John [Rev.]. Born 8 January 1817/1818, Dumfries, Scotland; married a second time to Laurenda G. BANNATYNE, sister of  Hon. A.G.B. Bannatyne of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia; died 11 February 1882.

3. BLACK, William Ross. Born 11 January 1855; married 12 October 1881.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

— sp. SUTHERLAND, Catherine. Born to John SUTHERLAND of Kildonan.

4. BLACK, Hugh Alexander. Born 1898; died 1948.

— sp. CARD, Hazel Aleta.

3. BLACK, Sarah Margaret. Born 24 August 1855/1856.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 = ; Scrip affidavit for Francis, Sarah Margaret (nee Black), wife of T.H. Francis; born: 24 August 1856; father: John Black; mother: Henrietta Ross =

— sp. FRANCIS, T.H./F.

3. BLACK, James. Born c. 1858.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

3. BLACK, John. Born c. 1865.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

3. BLACK, Henry.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

3. BLACK, Anna ‘Fanny.’ Born c. 1868.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

3. BLACK, Isabella Henrietta Rose. Born 1871; died 1951.

Scrip affidavit for Black, Henrietta; Husband: John Black; died: March 21, 1873; born: May 17, 1830; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); heirs: her children Wm. Black; Sarah Margaret, wife of F. St. Francis; James; John; Henry; Fanny; Isabella Henrietta Black; claim no: 1733; date of issue: August 8, 1876 =

— sp. LAIDLAW, Thomas. Born 8 Dec 1865 in Eskdalemuir, Dumfries, Scotland.

2. ROSS, James. Born 1835/1836;  lawyer, schoolmaster, journalist, Chief Justice in the Provisional Government of Assiniboia, 1870; died 20 September 1971.

— sp. SMITH, Margaret. Born c. 1835.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, James Widow: Margaret Ross; born: 1836; died: September 20, 1871; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah (Indian); heirs: Margaret (widow and deponent) and children Louisa, Jane, Caroline Sarah, Henrietta, and Rupert James; scrip no: 9505 to 9509; claim no: 1721; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. ROSS, Louisa Jane. Born 12 March 1859.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, James Widow: Margaret Ross; born: 1836; died: September 20, 1871; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah (Indian); heirs: Margaret (widow and deponent) and children Louisa, Jane, Caroline Sarah, Henrietta, and Rupert James; scrip no: 9505 to 9509; claim no: 1721; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 = ; Scrip affidavit for Ross, Margaret;; widow of the late James Ross; concerning the claims of her children: Louisa Jane Ross, born: 12 March 1859;; Caroline Sarah Ross, born: 7 May 1861; Herbert William Ross, born: 14 October 1862; Henrietta Black R oss, born: 13 June 1864; James Rupert Ross, born: 7 August 1865 =

3. ROSS, Caroline Sarah. Born 7 May 1861.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, James Widow: Margaret Ross; born: 1836; died: September 20, 1871; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah (Indian); heirs: Margaret (widow and deponent) and children Louisa, Jane, Caroline Sarah, Henrietta, and Rupert James; scrip no: 9505 to 9509; claim no: 1721; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 = ;

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Margaret;; widow of the late James Ross; concerning the claims of her children: Louisa Jane Ross, born: 12 March 1859;; Caroline Sarah Ross, born: 7 May 1861; Herbert William Ross, born: 14 October 1862; Henrietta Black R oss, born: 13 June 1864; James Rupert Ross, born: 7 August 1865 =

3. ROSS, Hebert William. Born 14 October 1862.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Margaret;; widow of the late James Ross; concerning the claims of her children: Louisa Jane Ross, born: 12 March 1859;; Caroline Sarah Ross, born: 7 May 1861; Herbert William Ross, born: 14 October 1862; Henrietta Black R oss, born: 13 June 1864; James Rupert Ross, born: 7 August 1865 =

3. ROSS, Henrietta Black. Born 13 June 1864.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, James Widow: Margaret Ross; born: 1836; died: September 20, 1871; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah (Indian); heirs: Margaret (widow and deponent) and children Louisa, Jane, Caroline Sarah, Henrietta, and Rupert James; scrip no: 9505 to 9509; claim no: 1721; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 = ;

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Margaret;; widow of the late James Ross; concerning the claims of her children: Louisa Jane Ross, born: 12 March 1859;; Caroline Sarah Ross, born: 7 May 1861; Herbert William Ross, born: 14 October 1862; Henrietta Black R oss, born: 13 June 1864; James Rupert Ross, born: 7 August 1865 =

3. ROSS, Rupert James. Born 7 August 1865.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, James Widow: Margaret Ross; born: 1836; died: September 20, 1871; father: Alexander Ross (Scot); mother: Sarah (Indian); heirs: Margaret (widow and deponent) and children Louisa, Jane, Caroline Sarah, Henrietta, and Rupert James; scrip no: 9505 to 9509; claim no: 1721; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 = ;

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Margaret;; widow of the late James Ross; concerning the claims of her children: Louisa Jane Ross, born: 12 March 1859;; Caroline Sarah Ross, born: 7 May 1861; Herbert William Ross, born: 14 October 1862; Henrietta Black R oss, born: 13 June 1864; James Rupert Ross, born: 7 August 1865 =

2. ROSS, Jemima. Born 1 August 1837; baptized 4 August 1837; married 31 October 1860; died 29 June 1867, Toronto, Canada; buried 1 July 1867 Toronto.

— sp. COLDWELL, William. Born 1834; died 1907.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

3. COLDWELL, Amy Sarah. Born 9 November 1861; baptized 10 December 1861; died 15 January 1866, Toronto, Canada; buried 16 January, Toronto.

3. COLDWELL, Mary Isabel. Born 29 October 1863; baptized 10 December 1863; married 5 June 1884, Headingley, Manitoba; died 25 September 1935, Armstrong, British Columbia; buried 28 September, Armstrong.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

— sp. FOWLER, Alfred.

3. COLDWELL, George Alex. Born 20 June 1865, Red River; baptized 1 July 1865; married 4 November 1896, Victoria, British Columbia; died 6 January 1922, Victoria; buried 10 January, Victoria.

Scrip affidavit for Coldwell, William; concerning the claims of his children; Name: Mary Coldwell; born: 10 December 1863; father: William Coldwell; mother: Jemima Coldwell; Name: George Coldwell; born: 1 July 1865 =

— sp. BROWN, Mable Susan.

2. ROSS, Alexander William ‘Sandy’. Born 7 January 1843; married 20 January 1863; died 4 January 1872.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Alexander W.; born: January 7, 1843; father: Alexander Ross (Scottish); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); died: January 4, 1872; heirs: Catherine (widow) and children Alexander D., and Wm. Edward; mother-in-law: Jane M. Murray wife of Donald Murray; claim no: 1750; scrip no: 9516 to 9517; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

— liason, SUTHERLAND, Ann.

Scrip affidavit for Flett, Ann; born: 23 November 1861; illegitimate child of Alexander W. Ross and Ann Sutherland; adopted by the Rev. George Flett and his wife Mary Flett (nee Ross) aunt of the child =

3. ROSS/FLETT, Ann. Born 23 November 1861 [see Mary ROSS and George FLETT above]

Scrip affidavit for Flett, Ann; born: 23 November 1861; illegitimate child of Alexander W. Ross and Ann Sutherland; adopted by the Rev. George Flett and his wife Mary Flett (nee Ross) aunt of the child =

— sp. MURRAY, Catherine. Born c. 1848 to Donald MURRAY (born 1804 Scotland) and Jane HERON/HERRON (born 1814 North-West Territory).

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Catherine; born: 1848; husband: Alexander W. Ross (deceased); father: Donald Murray (Scot); mother: Jane M. Murray (Métis); claim no: 1751; scrip no: 10649 =

3. ROSS, Alexander D. Born 1865 at Toronto.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Alexander W.; born: January 7, 1843; father: Alexander Ross (Scottish); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); died: January 4, 1872; heirs: Catherine (widow) and children Alexander D., and Wm. Edward; mother-in-law: Jane M. Murray wife of Donald Murray; claim no: 1750; scrip no: 9516 to 9517; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. ROSS, William E. Born 1867 at Red River.

Scrip affidavit for Ross, Alexander W.; born: January 7, 1843; father: Alexander Ross (Scottish); mother: Sarah Ross (Indian); died: January 4, 1872; heirs: Catherine (widow) and children Alexander D., and Wm. Edward; mother-in-law: Jane M. Murray wife of Donald Murray; claim no: 1750; scrip no: 9516 to 9517; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

2. ROSS, Elizabeth.

_______________________________________________________________________

[Credit: The original research on which this page is based was commissioned for the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia Project, by Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Manitoba. The current page is presented gratis — I have no funding from any agency.]

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