Hon. William Garrioch Jr., St. Mary’s la Prairie

Link to Biography:

Biography Notes:

William Garrioch Jr. was born 4 July 1828 to William Garrioch (of Orkney), and Nancy Cook (Métis), a daughter of William Hemmings Cook (of London, England) and Kahnawpawmakan (Cree). In about 1851, Garrioch Jr. married Mary Brown, daughter of Henry Brown (of Orkney) and his wife Elizabeth/Isabella (of Rupert’s Land).[1]

It appears that initially Garrioch Jr. and wife Mary held an allotment of land near St. Peter’s parish that had been granted by Chief Peguis. As early as 1853, however, they had joined a group of settlers who moved further to the west to establish a new church and parish at St. Mary’s la Prairie. In 1862 Garrioch Jr. sold the St. Peter’s property and concentrated on growing grain at la Prairie, where his brother, John Garrioch, also farmed and taught school.[2] The new parish was formalized on 9 April 1866, and William Garrioch Jr. was named a member of the vestry of St. Mary’s.[3]

On 1 March 1870 Garrioch Jr. was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia as representative of the parish of Laprarie.’[4]

Approximately a year after the creation of Manitoba, Garrioch Jr. sold property identified as ‘the certain lot of land No. 1352, of six-chains frontage, on the north side of the Assiniboine River, between Headingley Church and the house of John Taylor’ to John H. McTavish, in conformance with the ‘custom of the country prior to the transfer.’[5]

By 1872, Garrioch Jr., was Justice of the Peace ‘in and for the County of Marquette.’ He was also petitioning various levels of government, along with other ‘original settlers,’ in protest against surveyors, who were encroaching well within the limits of their properties, to mark land as for sale under the homestead clause of he Dominion Lands Act ‘as if the said lands had never previously been occupied.’[6] Garrioch Jr. was subsequently interviewed regarding the settlers’ descriptions of the extent of their properties, but continued to have difficulties.[7] After he signed a reward offer for information on the person responsible for an attack on livestock, and resigned as Justice of the Peace, he and his wife Mary relocated, with their nine children, to Kinesota/ Kinosota Settlement on Lake Manitoba  –  the site of a former Hudson’s Bay Company trading post, and an area projected to become a ‘magnificent mixed-farming district.’[8]

Six years later, his sale of property near St. Peter’s a decade before was called into question. Garrioch Jr. had passed on two deeds to the purchaser, William Elliot — one from himself and one from Chief Peguis. When Elliott tried to re-sell the land, however, he was told ‘he had derived no title from Garrioch, he (Garrioch) only holding through Peguis, who had no right to convey the lands, they being vested in the Crown.’[9] Whatever the resolution to his land title problems in Red River, his move to Kinesota appears to have been his last. He was recorded on the 1906 Manitoba census as a widower, 77 years old, and living in Dauphin district 2, sub-district 11 west, township 22, at lot 8, Kinesota with three of his unmarried sons – aged 26 to 32. Together they had had 8 horses, 20 milk cows, and 85 head of beef cattle.[10]

Member of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia; Position in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia:

  • Honourable Member for St. Mary’s la Prairie

[1] La Société historique de Saint-Boniface, ‘William Garrioch,’ Family Group Sheet (2 September 2010).

[2] Morton and Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 166, n. 1, 323.  ‘An Early Season,’ New Nation (24 May 1870), 2. Begg, Creation of Manitoba, 65, notes that William’s brother, John Garrioch, was also among the ‘English Members’ to 16 November 1869 ‘Convention of Twenty-four’ held in the Court House, adjoining Fort Garry, as representative for Portage-la-Prairie.

[3] Eldon Franklin Simms, The story of St. Mary’s la Prairie Anglican Church, 1853-1953: Commemorating the founding of St. Mary’s la Prairie parish by Archdeacon Cochrane, 1853 (Portage la Prairie MB: St Mary’s la Prairie Anglican Church, 1953), 7.

[4] Canada, Parliament. House of Commons, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West Territory in 1869-70, in Journals of the House of Commons of the Dominion of Canada, Vol. VIII, From the 26th March to the 26th May, 1874. [3rd Session, 1874] (Ottawa: I.B. Taylor, 1874), 121, certificate 80. Morton and Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 323. See also Begg, Creation of Manitoba, 49.

[5] ‘Public Notice,’ Manitoban and Northwest Herald (29 July 1871), 3, notice dated 10 July 1871; ‘Avis Public,’ Le Métis (13 July 1871), 3.

[6] Canada, Department of the Secretary of State, Return (in part) to an address of the House of Commons, dated 19th March, 1873, for copies of all reports from the Land Commissioner in Manitoba regarding the sale or location of lands in that province: All reports from, or correspondence with, the Commissioner (or any other parties regarding the sales or location of lands in the province): Also for copies of the letters of resignation of Mr. Canavan, and all correspondence between Mr. Canavan and the government: Also all correspondence with the Government of Manitoba on the subject of the complaints against the management of the Land Office in that province (Ottawa: Department of the Secretary of State, 1873), 14.

[7] Ibid., 15.

[8] Manitoban and Northwest Herald (6 July 1872), 3; Manitoban and Northwest Herald (29 June 1872), 3; ‘High Bluff, Marquete, June 3 1872,’ Manitoban and Northwest Herald (15 June 1872), 3. Joseph Henry Metcalfe, The tread of the pioneers: Under the distinguished patronage of the Government of the Province of Manitoba, the Corporation of the City of Portage la Prairie, the Council of the Rural Municipality of Portage la Prairie (Portage la Prairie MB and Toronto: Portage la Prairie and District Old Timers’ Association and Ryerson Press, 1932), 301. Langruth, Manitoba, A tribute to soldiers and pioneers of the Langruth district(Langruth MB: Langruth Community, 1950), 105-106. Henderson Directories, Henderson’s Manitoba and Northwest Territories gazetteer and directory (Winnipeg: Henderson Directory Company, 1897), 152.

[9] Manitoba Free Press (27 April 1878), 3.

[10] George Bryce, A history of Manitoba: Its resources and people (Toronto and Montreal: Canada History Co, 1906), 670-671. Manitoba, ‘Schedule No. 1. Population and Live Stock,’ Census of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, Dauphin District, Sub-district 11, 27 June 1906, p. 2.

________________________________________________________________________

Family Ties:

1. GARRIOCH, William Sr. Born 15 August 1786/1787, St. Ola, near Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, to Magnus GARRIOCH Jr. and Margaret MILLAR; Hudson’s Bay Company career from 1807 to 1822; married 1810, York Factory; marriage solemnized 27 May 1821;  teacher, Mission School, St. John’s parish, Red River Settlement; listed in 1835 Red River census as living at St. Paul’s parish with 9 persons; died 1844, St. John’s.

— sp. COOK, Nancy. Daughter of William Hemmings COOK (of London, England; listed in 1835 Red River census as living at St. Paul’s parish) and Kahnawpawmakan (Cree); previously married, c. 1818, to James SUTHERLAND (born 1796, North West, died 1806? or 1820 when his boat capsized in Lake Winnipeg?). [see also page for Catherine Sinclair for more on the Cooks.

Scrip affidavit for Garrioch, Nancy, wife of William Garrioch; born: 1785; father: Wm. Hemmings Cook (English); mother: Kahnawpawamakan (Cree Indian); claim no: 2307; date of issue: October 2, 1876 =

2. GARRIOCH/GARRICK, Anne. Born 6 April 1826; baptized 8 May 1826; died of ‘bronchitis’ 6 May 1919, Portage La Prairie, Manitoba; buried 8 May 1919, St. Mary’s cemetery, Portage La Prairie.

— sp. BIRD, Frederick Adoluphus. Born 18 March 1823, Red River, to George Bird and Ann Thomas; baptized 1 August 1824; died 30 November 1884, Carleton, North West; buried December 1884, Portage La Prairie, Manitoba.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Frederick A.; born: March 18, 1823; father: George Bird (Métis); mother: Ann Thomas (Métis); claim no: 2286; scrip No: 11152; date of issue: October 2, 1876; amount: $160 = ;

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Frederick Adolphus; concerning the claims of his children: Catherine; born: 13 March, 1860; Maria; born: 29 April, 1862; Charles Frederick; born: 18 August 1866; Henry George; born: 12 December 1868 =

3. BIRD, Edward. Born c. 1840; died c. 1864.

3. BIRD, William Gilbert. Born 25 July 1848, St. Paul’s parish, Red River; died 4 August 1942, Star City, Saskatchewan.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, William Gilbert; born: 25 July 1848; father: Frederick Adolphus Bird; mother: Ann Garrick =

— sp. CUMMING, Harriet. Born 25 August 1855 to Robert Cumming and Jane Monkman.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Harriet (nee Cumming); wife of Willam G. Bird; born: 25 August, 1855; father: Robert Cumming; mother: Jane Monkman =

4. BIRD, Edward.

Bird, Frederick, Robert, Edward, and Donald; address: Willow Creek; claim no. 1129; born: 4 August, 1883 at Prince Albert; father: William Gilbert Bird (Métis); mother: Harriet Cummings (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3237 =

4. BIRD, Frederick Charles. Born 18 August 1866, Portage La Prairie; died 5 April 1914, Portage.

Bird, Frederick, Robert, Edward, and Donald; address: Willow Creek; claim no. 1129; born: 4 August, 1883 at Prince Albert; father: William Gilbert Bird (Métis); mother: Harriet Cummings (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3237 =

4. BIRD, Robert.

Bird, Frederick, Robert, Edward, and Donald; address: Willow Creek; claim no. 1129; born: 4 August, 1883 at Prince Albert; father: William Gilbert Bird (Métis); mother: Harriet Cummings (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3237 =

4. BIRD, Donald.

Bird, Frederick, Robert, Edward, and Donald; address: Willow Creek; claim no. 1129; born: 4 August, 1883 at Prince Albert; father: William Gilbert Bird (Métis); mother: Harriet Cummings (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3237 =

3. BIRD, Emma Margaret. Born 17 May 1850, Portage La Prairie.

3. BIRD, Harriet Anne. Born 20 May 1854, Portage La Prairie; baptized 20 May, Portage La Prairie.

3. BIRD, Clara. Born 9 April 1856, Portage La Prairie.

Scrip affidavit for Bates, Clara (nee Bird); wife of John George Bates; born: 9 April, 1856; father: Frederick Bird; mother: Ann Garrick =

— sp. BATES, John George.

3. BIRD, Catherine. Born 13 March 1860, Portage La Prairie; died 29 July 1883, Portage.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Frederick Adolphus; concerning the claims of his children: Catherine; born: 13 March, 1860; Maria; born: 29 April, 1862; Charles Frederick; born: 18 August 1866; Henry George; born: 12 December 1868 =

3. BIRD, Maria M. Born 29 April 1862, Portage La Prairie; baptized 26 June 1862, St. Mary’s Anglican; died 30 June 1926, Portage La Prairie; buried 2 July 1926, St. Mary’s cemetery, Portage.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Frederick Adolphus; concerning the claims of his children: Catherine; born: 13 March, 1860; Maria; born: 29 April, 1862; Charles Frederick; born: 18 August 1866; Henry George; born: 12 December 1868 =

3. BIRD, Adelaide Harriet. Born 15 November 1864, Portage La Prairie; baptized 18 December 1864; buried 27 October 1865, St. Mary’s, Portage.

3. BIRD, Henry George. Born 12 December 1868, Portage La Prairie; died 10 December, Star City, Saskatchewan.

Scrip affidavit for Bird, Frederick Adolphus; concerning the claims of his children: Catherine; born: 13 March, 1860; Maria; born: 29 April, 1862; Charles Frederick; born: 18 August 1866; Henry George; born: 12 December 1868 =

2. GARRIOCH, John. Born 1809; married 21 September 1843, St. John’s, Red River; moved family to Portage la Prairie c. 1853; died 1891.

— sp. CAMPBELL, Eliza/Elizabeth. Born 1 January 1824 to Colin CAMPBELL [born 1787; died 1853] and Elizabeth McGILLIVRAY [born 1801; died 1862]); married 21 September 1843, St. John’s, Red River; died 22 January 1894.

3. GARRIOCH, John.

Scrip affidavit for Garrioch, John; born: 20 February 1845; father: John Garriock; mother: Eliza Campbell =

3. GARRIOCH, George. Born c. 1846 Red River; arrived at Portage la Prairie “about 1853” age 6.

3. GARRIOCH, Alfred Campbell. Born February 1848/1849, St. Paul’s/Middlechurch; died 2 December 1934.

Scrip affidavit for Garrioch, Alfred C.; brother of John; his brother was granted by Order in Council =

3. GARRIOCH, Eliza/Elizabeth Ann. Born 24 December 1853; married 6 April 1870.

Scrip affidavit for Bruce, Elizabeth; wife of Patrick Bruce; born: December 24, 1853; father: John Garrick (Métis); mother: Eliza Campbell (Métis); claim no: 1697; date of issue: September 20, 1876 =

— sp. BRUCE, James. Born c. 1848.

— sp. BRUCE, Patrick. Born 17 May 1848.

4. BRUCE, John Edward George. Born 11 January 1871, Fairford, North West.

Bruce, John Edward George; address: Poplar Park; claim no. 534; born: 11 January, 1871 at Fairford; father: Patrick Bruce (Métis); mother: Elizabeth Garroch (Métis); married: 1890 to Margaret Kennedy; scrip cert.: form E, no. 3000 =

— sp. KENNEDY, Margaret. Born 1873; died 1904.

5. BRUCE, Mildred. Born 1890; died 1956.

— sp. WOOD, John.

5. BRUCE, Charles.

5. BRUCE, Margaret.

4. BRUCE, Mary Josephine. Born 23 September 1872, Fairford, North West.

4. BRUCE, James Arthur. Born 1874, Fairford, North West.

Bruce, James Arthur; address: Eagle River, Ontario; claim no. 1358; born: 1874 at Fairford; father: Patrick Bruce (Métis); mother: Elizabeth Garroch (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3322; married: 1899 to Isabelle Taylor =

— sp. TAYLOR, Isabelle.

4. BRUCE, David Alfred. Born 31 July 1876, Kenesota[?]

4. BRUCE, Victor Alexander. Born 25 May 1878, Fort Alexander.

Bruce, Victor Alexander; address: Poplar Park; claim no. 855; born: 25 May, 1878 at Fort Alexander; father: Patrick Bruce (Métis); mother: Elizabeth Ann Garroch (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3086 =

4. BRUCE, Walter Andrew. Born 15 November 1879, Fort Alexander [?]

4. BRUCE, Percival. Born 1 August 1883, Fort Alexander.

Bruce, Patrick; for his son Percival Bruce; claim no. 771; address: Poplar Park; born: 1 August, 1883 at Fort Alexander; father: Patrick Bruce (Métis and deponent); mother: Elizabeth Ann Garroch (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3068 =

4. BRUCE, Elise Gertrude. Born 16 April 1885, Fort Alexander.

Bruce, Patrick; for his daughter Elsie Gertrude Bruce; claim no. 780; born: 16 April, 1885 at Fort Alexander; address: Poplar Park; father: Patrick Bruce (Métis and deponent); mother: Elizabeth Ann Garroch (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 2247 =

3. GARRIOCH, William.

3. GARRIOCH, James.

3. GARRIOCH, Scott.

2. GARRIOCH, William Jr. Born 4 July 1828; married c. 1851.

Scrip affidavit for Garrioch, William; born: July 4, 1828; father: Wm. Garrioch; mother: Nancy Cook; claim no: 2727; date of issue: April 20, 1877 =

— sp. BROWN, Mary. Born 1 October 1833, at St. Paul, to Andre Henry BROWN (born 1799, Orkney; HBC career; died 14 April 1875, Poplar Point) and Elizabeth/Isabella SLATER (born c. 1808, Rupert’s Land, to James SLATER and Mary, an Aboriginal woman from Lac Seul).

Scrip affidavit for Garrioch, Mary, wife of William Garroch; born: October 1, 1833; father: Henry Brown (Deceased); mother: Elizabeth Brown (Deceased); claim no: 2831; date of issue: September 5, 1878 = ; Scrip affidavit for Brown, Henry; Andre Henry Brown, an original white settler in Red River Country in 1826, died on Apr. 14, 1875; Wife: Isabella Brown; heirs: Thomas; Isabella, wife of John Fulster; myself James; Mary, wife of Wm. Garroch; Peter Brown; Jane, wife of John Bias; Letitia, wife of Gavin A. Bruce; Catherine, wife of Archibald Campbell; George Brown; Henry Brown =

3. GARRIOCH, Albert Clarence. Died 1959 at Amaranth, Manitoba.

— sp. McKAY, Caroline. Born 5 April 1862, Manitoba House, to Charles Richards McKAY and Margaret CAMPBELL; died 27 January 1934, Amaranth.

4. GARRIOCH, Walter William. Born 2 March 1884; married c. 1904; died 1 May 1957.

— sp. Philomene. Born c. 1886.

4. GARRIOCH, Roderick Charles. Born c. 1896, St. Andrew’s, Manitoba; married 1919, Gladstone, Manitoba.

— sp. ANDERSON, Martha Ester. Born 8 February 1898, Westbourne, Manitoba, to Peter-Charles ‘Ben’ ANDERSON Jr. and Mary Margaret Sarah MORRISSEAU; died 25 November 1979.

3. GARRIOCH, Charles. Born 6 June 1874, Portage La Prairie.

Garrioch, Charles; address: Portage la Prairi; claim no. 512; born: 6 June, 1874 at Portage la Prairie; father: William Garrioch (Métis); mother: Mary Brown (Métis)

3. GARRIOCH, Alexander Melville. Born c. 21 April 1878/1880; married c. 1902; died St. Peter’s, Manitoba.

Garrioch, Melvill; claim no. 502; address: Kenesota; born: 21 April, 1878 at Kenesota; father: William Garrioch (Métis); mother: Mary Brown (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2990 =

— sp. PRUDEN, Ida Alice. Born April 1886 to Alexander William PRUDEN and Rubina Jane ‘Ruby’ ANDERSON; died January 1975.

4. GARRIOCH, Glenn Alexander Melville. Born 9 April 1910, Kinosota, Manitoba; married October 1931, St. Bede’s, Kinosota, Manitoba; died 1965.

— sp. BATES, Doris Ann. Born Kinosota, Manitoba, to George BATES and Margaret Caroline Ann ANDERSON; died 1975

3. GARRIOCH, William Campbell. Born 1 May 1876, Kenesota, Manitoba.

Garrioch, William Campbell; address: Minitonas Post Office; claim no. 508; born: 1 May, 1876 at Kenesota; father: William Garrioch (Métis); mother: Mary Brown (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2991 =

3. GARRIOCH, Jessie Lillie. Born 20 April 1880, Kenesota, Manitoba.

Garrioch, Jessie Lillie; address: Kenesota; claim no. 397; born: 20 April, 1880 at Kenesota; father: William Garrioch (Métis); mother: Mary Brown (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 2174 =

2. GARRIOCH, Emma. Born 20 July 1824/1825; married February 1855.

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Emma, wife of John Gunn; born: July 20, 1824; father: Wm. Garrick (Scot); mother: Nancy Garrick (Métis); claim no: 106; date of issue: May 1, 1876 =

— sp. GUNN, John. Born 8 August 1826/1836, Red River, to Donald GUNN and Margaret SWAIN; brother of Hon. George Gunn of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia.

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, John; born: August 8, 1836; father: Donald Gunn (Scot); mother: Margaret Gunn (Métis); claim no: 105; date of issue: May 1, 1876 = ; Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Margaret Deceased wife of Donald Gunn; born: April 2, 1802; father: James Swain (English); mother: Indian; died: November 28, 1870; heirs: her children: James; John; Alexander; George, Donald; William, who died: May 1842; Matilda, wife of John Atkinson; Margaret, wife of John Drane; Janet, wife of A.M. Mickle; grandchildren of her son William through his daughter who married Frank Hunt; said grandchildren being Wm. Hunt Winnifred Hunt; claim no: 3039; date of issue: =

3. GUNN, Margaret Jane. Born c. 24 November 1855/1856.

Scrip affidavit for Gunn, Margaret J.; born: November 24, 1855; father: John Gunn (Métis); mother: Emma Gunn (Métis) =

3. GUNN, William R. Born c. 1858.

3. GUNN, Donald. Born c. 1860.

3. GUNN, John James. Born 1861.

3. GUNN, Emma Ann. Born 1863.

3. GUNN, Mary. Born c. 1865.

3. GUNN, Henry George. Born c. 1866.

3. GUNN, Gilbert Garrioch. Born 1868.

3. GUNN, Margaret. Born c, 1877.

_______________________________________________________________________

[Credit: The original research on which this page is based was commissioned for the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia Project, by Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Manitoba. The current page is presented gratis — I have no funding from any agency.]

Advertisements

6 Responses to Hon. William Garrioch Jr., St. Mary’s la Prairie

  1. Susan Garrioch says:

    valuable information – thanks

  2. Karen Falder says:

    Just writing to correct some misinformation (probably a transcription error) in the first paragraph. It was William Hemmings Cook, who was born in London and William Garrioch Sr. who came from Orkney.

  3. randall lyall garrioch says:

    william campbell garrioch was born may1 1876 in kinisota died in swan river may22, 1965.

  4. Rose Ducharme says:

    Wish there was more info on Philomene Garrioch. Was my paternal grandmother.

    • Adam Foster says:

      Was Philomen married to walter william garrioch. I have Philomen listed as being born in Sandy Bay First Nation 1885-1964. There’s not a whole lot of iinformation of her family however from what I know she was adopted, legally I am not sure because it may be different custom in those days. My parents don’t have allot of info however indicated that she went by Philomen Lovisfair / Beaulieu. She was adopted by the Beaulieu”s . I was unable to locate a Google search of the last name Lovisfair so I believe it’s incorrectly spelled as my aunt states they only know the sound of it and believe it was spelled that way however I believe it was actually spelled Levasseur as Sandy Bay have allot of Levasseur’s. My sisters Geneology has Philomen mother listed as Marie NNikanikabo and that all. Let new know if you have any more information via email at raquelflett@gmail.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s