Hon. John Lazarus Norquay Sr., St. Margaret’s

Biographical Notes:

John Lazarus Norquay was born on 19 April 1837. His parents, Henry Norquay (Métis), and Henry’s second wife, Mary ‘Polly’ Anderson (Métis), had married 29 November 1836 at St John’s Cathedral, Red River. John Lazarus Norquay’s father was the son of Oman ‘Omie’ Norquay (of South Ronaldshay, Orkney), born c. 1773, who had settled at Red River with his wife Jean Morwick (Métis), a daughter of James Morwick and an Aboriginal woman. Through these grandparents, John Lazarus Norquay was related to another John Norquay, a younger cousin, born in 1841, who eventually became premier of Manitoba. In Red River Settlement, the suffixes ‘Sr.’ and ‘Jr.’ were used to distinguish between the two John Norquays.[1]

In the late 1850’s John Norquay Sr. married Mary Sanderson, a daughter of James Sanderson (of Albany Fort, Hudson Bay), and Elizabeth Anderson (Métis).[2] In the early 1860’s Norquay Sr. and his wife farmed in the High Bluff district, near St. Margaret’s Anglican Church (built in 1862).[3]

On 1 March 1870, Norquay Sr. was ‘duly elected by public meeting of the parishioners of St. Margaret’s,’ to the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia.[4] Nevertheless, in December of 1870, in the first election in the new province of Manitoba, it was Norquay Sr.’s cousin, Norquay Jr. who was elected to represent High Bluff.

In about 1877, Norquay Sr. and family left Red River Settlement, relocating to farm at Mountain Gap, Little Saskatchewan Valley. They settled the south half of Section 12-15-18, north of John Tanner, the “one-armed Métis American Civil War veteran,” whose father, Rev. James Tanner (in turn the son of John Tanner), was killed under suspicious circumstances while travelling between Portage and Winnipeg in the late fall of 1870. John Tanner’s home also functioned as a store and post office and his farm was known as ‘Tanner’s Crossing’ — for the ferry service that he ran across the Little Saskatchewan River, on the Edmonton Trail from Red River Settlement. A fairly large contingent of ‘new settlers’ had homesteaded Mountain Gap by 1883. By then the townsite that had grown around Tanner’s Crossing had been renamed Minnedosa. The Norquays, Tanners, and other original Métis settlers left the area at about this time.[5]

The Canada census shows that by 1901 Norquay Sr., had moved to Grandview, Marquette Manitoba.[6] He died at Grandview on 24 December 1913.[7]

Member of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia; Position in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia:

  • Honourable Member for St. Margaret’s Parish, High Bluff[8]

[1] La Socièté historique de Saint-Boniface, ‘Henry Norquay,’ Family Group Sheet (10 September 2010), lists Norquay Sr.’s mother as Mary Monkman, his father’s third wife.. See also Ellen Cooke, ‘Norquays in the Red River Disturbances,’ Manitoba Pageant 21, no. 2 (Winter 1976), http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/pageant/21/norquays.shtml. LAC, scrip affidavit, “Norquay, John; born: April 19, 1837”; HBCA ‘Norquay, Oman,’ Biographical Sheet. HBCA ‘Norquay, Henry,’ Biographical Sheet, notes Henry was born 1810, died 1874, and had been a colonist at Red River from 1831.

[2] See L.J. Roy Wilson, ‘Sanderson, James Francis,’ DCB; HBCA ‘Sanderson, James,’ Biographical Sheet.

[3] Robert Brown Hill, Manitoba: History of its early settlement, development and resources (Toronto: William Briggs, [1890]), 145.

[4] Canada, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West, certificate 78, 120; Morton and Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 323, see also n.4, in which Morton confuses Norquay Sr. with his cousin, John Norquay Jr. See also Begg, Creation of Manitoba, 49, reference to 6 November; and Cooke, ‘Norquays in the Red River Disturbances.’

[5] Minnedosa. Manitoba Women’s Institute, Minnedosa, Manitoba, 1878-1948: A village history (Minnedosa MB: s.n, 1949), 7, 9; E.J. Brown, ‘Early Days of Minnedosa,’ Manitoba Historical Society, ser. 3 (1964-1965 season), http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/transactions/3/earlydaysminnedosa.shtml; Lawrence Barkwell, ‘The Famous Tanner Family and Tanner’s Crossing, Now Minnedosa, Manitoba,’ document, compiled for the Louis Riel Institute, available online, http://www.scribd.com/doc/26269428/ Tanners-Crossing.

[6] Canada, 1901 Census of Canada, District of Marquete, Subdistrict of Grandview, Household 55.

[7] The dates are taken from descendant family genealogies, James Watson and Janet Watson, ‘Deep Roots and Tall Trees,’ http://www.deeprootstalltrees.com/Paisley%20Families/norquay/d1.htm#i54178; and Eileen Horan, discussion thread, Métisgen-L Archives, RootsWeb, http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/METISGEN/2006-01/1136763394; See also LAC, scrip applications, ‘Norquay, Ellen Emma Euphemia’; ‘Norquay, Caroline’; ‘Norquay, Henry George’; ‘Norquay, John Lazarus’.

[8] Canada, Report of the Select Committee on the Causes of the Difficulties in the North-West, certificate 78, 120; New Nation (4 March 1870): 3; ‘Provisional Government: First Council Meeting,’ New Nation (11 March 1870), 2; ‘Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia (1st Session …),’ New Nation (8 April 1870), 1; Morton and Begg, Alexander Begg’s Red River Journal, 323, see also n.4; Begg, Creation of Manitoba, 49; and Cooke, ‘Norquays in the Red River Disturbances.’

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Family Ties:

1. NORQUAY, Oman ‘Omie’. Born c. 1773, Westry, or South Ronaldshay?, Orkney; HBC career, 1791-1818; settled at Red River, 1818/1819; died 1820, Red River.

— sp. MORWICK, Jean. Born c. 1788 to James MORWICK and an Aboriginal woman; died 23 March 1874, Poplar Point, Red River Settlement.

2. NORQUAY, Isabella. Born c. 1808, Rupert’s Land. married December 13, 1825 in Red River.

— sp. MORWICK, John.

3. MORWICK, William. Born c. 1826 in , Red River Settlement; died 16 January 1826, Red River; buried St. Andrews, Red River.

3. MORWICK, Ann. Born c. 1828 in , Red River; died April 1865, Red River; buried in St. Andrews, Red River.

2. NORQUAY, Henry. Born c. 1810; HBC career; married 4 November 1831, St. John’s, Red River; 2d marriage 29 November 1836 at St John’s Cathedral, Red River; died c. 1874.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary; widow of Henry Norquay who was born: 1810; his father: Omie Norquay (Scot); his mother: Jane Morwick (Métis); his heirs: Mary (widow and deponent); and children Jane, wife of Thomas Crowley; Joseph; Anne, wife of John Williamson; Henry; George; Isabella, wife of John Fields; Thomas; and David; claim no: 2033; scrip no: 9616 to 9623; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. SPENCE, Ann. Born c. 1811 to James SPENCE and a First Nations woman; baptized 17 June 1822; died 1835.

3. NORQUAY, James. Born c. 1832, Red River; died January 1835, Red River.

3, NORQUAY, Jacob. Born 1834, Red River.

— sp. ANDERSON, Mary ‘Polly’. Born c. 1813, Brandon House, to James ANDERSON and Mary Suzette DE MORAN; died in 1890, Manitoba.

3. NORQUAY, John Lazarus ‘Sr.’ [Hon.]. Born 19 April 1837, High Bluff, Red River; married 2 February 1860, St. Mary’s la Prairie; died 24 December 1913, Grandview, Marquette, Manitoba.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, John; born: April 19, 1837; father: Henry Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Anderson (Métis); claim no: 2204; scrip no: 11073; date of issue: Oct. 2, 1876; amount: $160 = ; Norquay, John Lazarus; for his living son, Robert Alexander Norquay; address: Mountain Gap; born: 17 March, 1882 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis and deponent); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2863; file ref. 627197; claim no. 195

— sp. SANDERSON, Mary. Born 15 November 1839 to James SANDERSON Jr. (HBC servant, son of James  Thomas SANDERSON Jr., whose brother was George SANDERSON who married Lisette LAGEMONIERE [see “Lagimoniere/Lagemodiere Family Ties,” President Louis Riel, Provisional Government of Assiniboia]) and Elizabeth ‘Bethsy’ ANDERSON (daughter of native-born trader John ANDERSON); sister to James Francis Sanderson who married Maria McKAY, 16 September 1872; stepdaughter to William SUTHERLAND/SUNDERLAND, “a member of another family with close HBC connections”; raised at ‘the Portage’ in the parish of St. Margaret’s la Prairie.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary; born: November 15, 1839; husband: John Norquay; father: James Sanderson (Métis); mother: Elizabeth Anderson (Métis); claim no: 2205; scrip no: 11074; date of issue: October 2, 1876; amount: $160 =

4. NORQUAY, Joseph William. Born 27 October 1869.

[673 Manitoba Census 1870]

4. Norquay, Isabelle. Born 14 September 1871, Minnedosa; died 1873, Minnedosa.

Norquay, John Lazarus; heir to his deceased daughter, Isabelle Norquay; address: Mountain Gap; born: 14 September, 1871 at Minnedosa; died: 1873 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis and deponent); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1628; claim no. 171

4. Norquay, Henry George. Born 20 October 1873.

Norquay, Henry George; address: Mountain Ga; born: 20 October, 1873 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2864; claim no. 196

4. NORQUAY, Caroline. Born 25 April 1876, Minnedosa.

Norquay, Caroline; address: Mountain Gap; born: 25 April, 1876 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2866; claim no. 198

4. NORQUAY, Margaret Catherine. Born 17 March 1878, Minnedosa; married 1897; died 27 March 1899.

Norquay, John Lazarus; for his deceased daughter, Margaret Catherine; Daniel nee Norquay; address: Mountain Gap; born: 17 March, 1878 at Minnedosa; died: 27 March, 1899; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis and deponent); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); married: 1897 to Hector Daniel; heir: her husband, Hector Daniel, scrip issued for 240 acres; claim no. 194

— sp. DANIEL, Hector.

4. NORQUAY, Ellen Emma Euphemia. Born 6 May 1880, Minnedosa.

Norquay, Ellen Emma Euphemia; address: Mountain Gap; born: 6 May, 1880 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2865; claim no. 197

4. NORQUAY, Robert Alexander. Born 17 March 1882, Minnedosa.

Norquay, John Lazarus; for his living son, Robert Alexander Norquay; address: Mountain Gap; born: 17 March, 1882 at Minnedosa; father: John Lazarus Norquay (Métis and deponent); mother: Mary Sanderson (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 2863; file ref. 627197; claim no. 195

— sp. MONKMAN, Mary.Born December 1817  to James MONKMAN and a First Nations woman.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary; born: December 1817; widow of Henry Norquay; father: James Monkman (English); mother: Mary (Swampy Cree); claim no: 2036; scrip no: 10913; date of issue: Oct. 2, 1876; amount: $160 = ;

Scrip affidavit for Monkman, John James; born: March 1863; father: Henry Monkman; mother: McLeod; deponent: his sister Mary Monkman, widow of Henry Norquay = ;

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary; widow of Henry Norquay who was born: 1810; his father: Omie Norquay (Scot); his mother: Jane Morwick (Métis); his heirs: Mary (widow and deponent); and children Jane, wife of Thomas Crowley; Joseph; Anne, wife of John Williamson; Henry; George; Isabella, wife of John Fields; Thomas; and David; claim no: 2033; scrip no: 9616 to 9623; date of issue: August 8, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. NORQUAY, Jane. Born 22 September 1838, St. Pauls, Red River; lived at the home of her brother George in 1881.

Scrip affidavit for Crowley, Jane; wife of Thomas Crowley; born: Sept. 22, 1838; father: Henry Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Inkman (Métis); claim no.: 2013; scrip no.: 10892; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. CROWLEY, Thomas.

4. CROWLEY, Daniel.

Scrip affidavit for Crowley, Daniel; born: 15 July 1869; father: Thomas Crowley Whiteman; mother: Jane Norquay =

3. NORQUAY, Joseph. Born 13 October 1841, St. Paul, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Joseph; born: October 31, 1841; father: Henry Norquay (Métis); mother: Mary Norquay (Métis); claim no: 2034; scrip no: 10911; date of issue: Oct. 2, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. NORQUAY, Ann. Born on 5 July 1845, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Williamson, Ann; born: July 5, 1845; husband: John Williamson; father: Henry Norquay; mother: Mary Monkman; claim no: 2849; scrip no: 12280; date of issue: September 5, 1878; amount: $160 =

— sp. WILLIAMSON, John.

4. WILLIAMSON, Henry. Born 10 June 1866.

Scrip affidavit for Williamson, Henry; father: John Williamson (White settler and deponent); mother: Ann Williamson (Métis); children: Henry Williamson,; born: June 10, 1866; Joseph Thomas Williamson,; born: February 4, 1868; children claim their shares in allotment of land set apart for Métis children =

4. WILLIAMSON, Thomas. Born 4 February 1868.

3. NORQUAY, Henry. Born 31 August 1850, Red River.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Henry; born: August 31, 1850; father: Henry Norquay; mother: Mary Norquay =

3. NORQUAY, George. Born 16 June 1852, St. Paul, Red River Settlement; lived at St. Andrews parish.

3. NORQUAY, Isabelle. Born 24 January 1853, St. Paul, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Fields, Isabella (nee Norquay), wife of John Fields; born: 24 January 1853; father: Henry Fields; mother: Mary Monkman =

— sp. FIELDS, John.

3. NORQUAY, Thomas. Born 1 September 1857, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary, wife of Henry Norquay; concerning the claims of her children: Thomas Norquay, born: September 1, 1857, father: Henry Norquay (deceased), mother: Mary Norquay; David Norquay, born: March 4, 1860 =

3. NORQUAY, David. Born 1860, Red River Settlement.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Mary, wife of Henry Norquay; concerning the claims of her children: Thomas Norquay, born: September 1, 1857, father: Henry Norquay (deceased), mother: Mary Norquay; David Norquay, born: March 4, 1860 =

— sp. SINCLAIR, Jane. Born 1877 to Thomas SINCLAIR and Mary McDONALD.

Norquay, David; for his deceased wife, Jane Sinclair; address: Winnipeg; born: 1877 at Minnedosa; died: 1899 at Glandebone; father: Thomas Sinclair (Métis); mother: Mary Donald (Métis); married: December, 1893 at Portage la Prairie to David Norquay, the deponent; claim no. 2076

2. NORQUAY, John. Born c. 1810/1811; HBC career (another HBC record indicates there was yet another John Norquay, born c. 1808); married 21 February 1832, St. Andrews; 2d marriage 9 October 1845; died June 1849.

— sp. TRUTHWAITE, Isabella. Born c. 1818, Red River, to Jacob TRUTHWAITE and Elizabeth VINCENT.

3. NORQUAY, Jacob. Baptized 7 May 1833, Red River Settlement; died 1834; buried 24 August 1834.

3. NORQUAY, Jane. Born on 25 April 1836, Red River; baptized 6 August 1836.

— sp. MOWAT, Edward.

3. NORQUAY, Emma. Born 18 June 1838, Red River; baptized 4 September 1838; died 1843; buried 10 November 1843.

3. NORQUAY, Mary Ann. Born 18 June 1839, The Rapids, Red River Settlement; baptized 18 June 1839.

3. NORQUAY, John ‘Jr.’ [Hon.]. Baptized 8 May 1841, Red River; adopted by his grandfather, James SPENCE; died 5 July 1889, Selkirk, Manitoba.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, John; born: May 8, 1841; father: John Norquay (Métis); mother: Isabella Firthwaite (Métis); claim no: 2128; scrip no: 11001; date of issue: Oct. 2, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. SETTER, Elizabeth. Born 2 February 1842, Parks Creek, Red River to George SETTER (born 1815 to Andrew SETTER and Margaret SPENCE) and Isabella KENNEDY (born c. 1820 to Alexander KENNEDY and Aggathas/Mary BEAR); lived at ‘Dun Allister‘, St. Andrews (Red River House Museum/Captain William Kennedy House), 1908-1933; died 1933.

Scrip affidavit for Norquay, Elizabeth; born: February 2, 1842; husband: John Norquay; father: George Setter Jr. (Métis); mother: Isabella Kennedy (Métis); claim no: 2129; scrip no: 11002; date of issue: Oct. 2, 1876; amount: $160 =

4. NORQUAY, Thomas. Born 1863.

4. NORQUAY, Isabella Jessie Anna. Born 1864; died 19 June 1915, Winnipeg; buried St. John’s.

4. NORQUAY, John George. Born 1865.

4. NORQUAY, Alexander. Born 1867.

4. NORQUAY, Horatio Clarence . Born 8 November 1869, High Bluff, Red River Settlement; 2d marriage 11 August 1913, St. Andrews; died 27 December 1953, Selkirk General Hospital; buried St. Andrews.

— sp. ALLAN, Mattie. Died 1911.

— sp.TAYLOR, Orpha.

5. NORQUAY, David.

5. NORQUAY, Horace.

5. NORQUAY, James.

5. NORQUAY, Henry.

5. NORQUAY, [daughter].

— sp. MONTGOMERY, Allan C.

5. NORQUAY, [daughter]

— sp. STUBBS, W.R.

4. NORQUAY, Caroline Ellen. Born 1871.

— sp. McALLISTER, John Edgar. Proprietor of ‘Dun Allister’ (Red River House Museum/Captain William Kennedy House), 1908-1946.

4. NORQUAY, Andrew James. Born 11 August, 1872.

4. NORQUAY, Ada Theodora. Born 1881; died 1883.

3. NORQUAY, Thomas. Born 28 January 1843, The Rapids, Red River Settlement; baptized 21 February 1843.

— sp. WARD, Ann ‘Nancy’. Born 1826 to Jacques ‘John’ WARD and Angelique BRUYERE.

3. NORQUAY, Ann ‘Annie’. Born 18 August 1846; baptized 6 September 1846; married 17 August 1865, St. Andrews, Red River Settlement; lived at Red River to 1865; migrated to North-west;  died 30 August 1932.

Adams, Annie, nee Norquay – Concerning her claim as head of family – Address, Prince Albert – Born, Winnipeg, August 18, 1846 – Father, John Norquay, (Métis) – Mother, Nancy Ward, (Métis) – Married, August 17, 1865 in St. Andrews to Charles Adams – Children living, seven (names and birth dates on application) – Children deceased, one – Scrip for $160 – Claim 1373 =

— sp. ADAMS, Charles. Born 1838, St. Paul, Red River Settlement, to George ADAMS and Ann HEYWOOD.

Adams, Charles – Concerning his claim as head of family – Address, Prince Albert – Born, Red River, St. Paul, 1838 – Father, George Adams, (English) – Mother, Ann Heywood, (Métis) – Married, 1865 at St. Andrews to Annie Norquay – Children living, seven (names and birth dates on wife’s application) -Children deceased, one – Scrip for $160 – Claim 1372 =

4. ADAMS, Thomas. Born 22 June 1866.

4. ADAMS, Charles. Born 1 July 1868.

4. ADAMS, Annie. Born 28 June 1870.

4. ADAMS, John George. Born 31 May 1872, Lake St. Ann (Alberta); died 7 August 1878.

Adams, Charles; as sole heir at law of the deceased, John George Adams; claim no. 22; address: Puckham, Saskatchewan; born: 31 May, 1872 at Lake St. Ann, Alberta; father: Charles Adams (Métis and deponent); mother: Ann Norquay (Métis); died: 7 August, 1878 at the Pas; scrip cert.: form F, no. 47 for 240 Acres of land =

4. ADAMS, Joseph Heywood. Born 23 May 1875, Victoria.

Adams, Joseph Heywood; address: Puckham, Saskatchewan; claim no. 5; born: 23 May, 1875 at Victoria; father: Charles Adams (Métis); mother: Ann Norquay (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 5 for 240 acres of land =

4. ADAMS, Isabella Catherine. Born 26 August 1878.

Foster, Isabella Catherine Harriet; wife of William George Foster; claim no. 27; address: Branceperth, Saskatchewan; born: 26 August, 1878 at Le Pas, Cumberland; father: Charles Adams (Métis); mother: Annie Norquay (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 7 for 240 acres =

— sp. FOSTER, William George.

4. ADAMS, Maria. 8 December 1880, le Pas.

Adams, Marie; address: Puckham, Saskatchewan; claim no. 24; born: 8 December, 1880 at Pas, Cumberland; father: Charles Adams (Métis); mother: Annie Norquay (Métis); Certificate E, no. 15

4. ADAMS, Conrad Ernest. Born 14 October 1883, Red Deer Hill (Saskatchewan).

Adams, Conrad Ernest; address: Puckham, Saskatchewanatchewan; claim no. 26; born: 14 October, 1883 at Red Deer Hill, Saskatchewan; father: Charles Adams (Métis); mother: Anna Norquay (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 9 =

3. NORQUAY, Louttit. Baptized 1 October 1848.

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[Credit: The original research on which this page is based was commissioned for the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia Project, by Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Manitoba. The current page is presented gratis — I have no funding from any agency.]

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