Hon. James McKay, St. James

A.k.a. Mackay

Links to Biographies:

Biography Notes:

Date of Birth: c.1827/1828

Place of Birth: Edmonton House

Father: James McKay

Mother: Margaret Gladu

Marriage: Margaret Rowand

Other reports to the contrary, as an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia, James McKay was directly involved in the Provisional Government of Assiniboia. [See George Lightfoot Huyshe, The Red river expedition (London: Macmillan and Company, 1871), 233.

Member of the Provisional Government of Assiniboia; Position in the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia:

  • Honourable Member for St. James.

Other Political Positions:

  • Member of the HBC Council of Assiniboia 1868
  • Member and Speaker of the Manitoba Legislative Council 1871-1876 [Speaker 1871-1874]
  • Elected (by acclamation) representative of the Lake Manitoba constituency 1877
  • Minister of agriculture 1874-1878

Date of Death: 2 December 1879

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Additional Sources on James McKay:

‘Red River Guide,’ illustration, in Manton Marble, “To Red River and Beyond,” Part 1, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 21 Issue 123 (August 1860): 202.

Earl of Southesk, Saskatchewan & the Rocky Mountains (Edinburg: Edmonston and Douglas, 1875), 437, and references to John MacKay “a Red River guide, brother of James MacKay — engaged as head man of author’s party.”

John Palliser, Exploration – British North America – the journals, detailed reports, and observations relative to the exploration, by Captain Palliser, of that portion of British North America, which, in latitude, lies between the British boundary line and the height of land or watershed of the northern or frozen ocean respectively, and in longitude, between the western shore of Lake Superior and the Pacific Ocean during the years 1857, 1858, 1859, and 1860 (London: George Edward Eyre, and William Spottiswoode, 1863), 50. [use the search function at the linked page to find additional references in the book].


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Buffalo in enclosure, St. James, late 1880s, with inset of descendant (aka ‘Joe-Joe the Buffalo’) at Assiniboine Park Zoo, early 1900s.

“Saving the Buffalo,” The Beaver 28 no. 1 (June 1948): 10-13 http://resource.canadashistory.ca/media/pdf/28-1-948-Jun-p10-13.pdf

Bruce Cherney, “North American Buffalo saved from extinction — two Manitobans played a major role,” Winnipeg Realtors website, http://www.winnipegrealtors.ca/editorials.aspx?id=583

Peter Lorenz Neufeld, “Bison Conservation: The Canadian Story,” Manitoba History 24 (autumn 1992).

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Family Ties:

1. McKAY, James ‘Big Jim’. Born c. 1797, Sutherlandshire [?]; HBC career; guide on Arctic expeditions (1836-1838); retired 1840 to Kildonan parish Red River Settlement; married 17 March 1840.

— sp. GLADU, Margaret/ Marguerite. Born c. 1808, Cumberland House to Charles GLADU/ GLADUE and Margaret/ Marie ROSS.

2. McKAY, James. Born 5 February 1827/1828, Edmonton House; educated at Red River Academy; HBC career 1853-1859 (postmaster, Qu’Appelle Lakes 1854; in charge, Fort Ellice, 1855; clerk, Fort Pelly, 1858; established post, Shayenne River and Buffalo River in Minnesota, 1859); married 1859; merchant; rancher; fluent in French, English, Cree, Ojibway, and Dakota; interpreter, negotiator of Treaties I to IV, Co-commissioner of Treaty V and Indian Commissioner of Treaty VI; died at home, ‘Deer Lodge‘, 2 December 1879.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, James; born: February 5, 1827; father: James McKay (White); mother: Margaret McKay (Métis); claim no: 1664; scrip no: 10570; date of issue: Sept. 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

— sp. ROWAND, Margaret/ Marguerite. Born 5 September 1825, Fort Edmonton to HBC Chief Factor John Rowand and Louise/Lisette Umphreville (daughter of Edward Umphreville); died February 1879.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, Margaret; born: September 5, 1825; wife of James McKay; father: John Rowand (White); mother: Louisa Rowand (Métis); claim no: 1665; scrip no: 10571; date of issue: October 20, 1876; amount: $160 =

3. McKAY, Augusta. Born 5 December 1856, North Dakota, adopted.

Scrip affidavit for Power, Augusta; born: December 25, 1856; father: an American; mother: an Indian; note: adopted daughter of Honorable James McKay =

— sp. POWER/ POWDER/ LAPOUDRE, Richard. Born c. 1854, North-west, to Michel POWER/ POWDER/ LAPOUDRE and Annie SCOTT.

3. McKAY, Marie Sophie. Baptized 8 November 1861, St. Francois-Xavier; died 21 October 1862; buried 23 October 1862, St. Boniface.

3. McKAY, Jane Dallas. Born 23 August 1863.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, James; concerning the claims of his children: Jane Dallas McKay,; born: August 23, 1863; James Alexander McKay, born: March 10, 1866; John Angus McKay, born: May 31, 1870 =

3. McKAY, John Henri. Born 23 August 1863 (twin), St. James; baptized 24 August 1863, St. Boniface; died 27 October 1866; buried 29 October 1866, St. Boniface.

3. McKAY, James Alexander. Born 10 March 1866; baptized 6 May 1866, St. Boniface.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, James; concerning the claims of his children: Jane Dallas McKay,; born: August 23, 1863; James Alexander McKay, born: March 10, 1866; John Angus McKay, born: May 31, 1870 =

3. McKAY, John Angus. Born 31 May 1870; baptized 12 June 1870, St. Boniface.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, James; concerning the claims of his children: Jane Dallas McKay,; born: August 23, 1863; James Alexander McKay, born: March 10, 1866; John Angus McKay, born: May 31, 1870 =

Scrapbooked screen capture, notice published in The Legal News (1882) about the inheritance left to James McKay’s children by their independently wealthy mother, Margaret Rowand.

2. McKAY, John [Rev.]. Born 1832; assistant interpreter, Treaty 6 negotiations, 1876.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, John; born: 1832; father: James McKay; mother: Margaret Gladu (Métis); claim no: 2868; date of issue: Sept. 5, 1878; scrip no: 12299; amount: $160 =

— sp. McBEATH, Christine/ Christina. Born 12 October 1836, Red River, to Robert McBEATH/ McBETH (first Selkirk Settler appointed to the Council of Assiniboia  29 March 1853) and Mary McLEAN (“daughter of Hector McLean and stepdaughter of John PRITCHARD, said to be the first white child born west of the Great Lakes”); sister to Reverend Roderick G. McBETH, and John McBETH.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, Christine [Christina]; born: October 12, 1836; wife of John McKay; father: Robert McBeath; mother: Mary McLean, an original white settler from Scotland, settled in Red River Country in 1815 =

3. McKAY, Angus. Born 3 February 1874, Prince Albert (Saskatchewan).

McKay, Angus; address: Snake Plain, Saskatchewan; born: 3 February, 1874 at Prince Albert; father: John McKay (Métis); mother: Christina McBeath (Scot); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1191 for $240.00; claim no. 779

?– sp. LAFOND, Agnes.

McKay, Agnes; address: Snake Plain, Saskatchewan; born: 1882 at Carlton, Saskatchewan; father: Baptiste Lafond (deceased Métis); mother: Therese Arcand (deceased Métis); husband: Angus McKay; scrip cert.: form C, no. 1189 for $240.00; claim no. 781

3. McKAY, Catherine. Born 2 January 1877, Prince Albert (Saskatchewan).

McKay, Catherine; address: Snake Plain, Mistawasis; born: 2 January, 1877 at Prince Albert; father: John McKay (Métis); mother: Christina McBeath (Scot); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1169 for $240.00; claim no. 766

3. McKAY, Annie Mills. Born 6 October 1879, Prince Albert Saskatchewan).

McKay, Annie Mills; address: Snake Plain, Mistawasis, Saskatchewan; born: 6 October, 1879 at Prince Albert; father: John McKay (Métis); mother: Christina McBeath (Scot); scrip cert.: form C, no. 1173 for $240.00; claim no. 765

2. McKAY, George.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, George; born: November 1833; father: James McKay; mother: Margaret Gladeur; claim no: 2808; scrip no: 12325; date of issue: Sept. 5, 1878; amount: $160 =

— sp. TAIT, Sarah. Born 8 November 1851 to William TAIT and Mary AULD (daughter of HBC Governor William AULD).

Scrip affidavit for McKay, Sarah; born: 8 Nov. 1851; wife of George McKay; father: William Tait (White); mother: Mary Vald (Métis); claim no: 2863; scrip no: 12294; date of issue: Sept. 5, 1878; amount: $160 = ; Scrip affidavit for Tait, William; son: George Tait (deponent); daughter: Elizabeth Tait; born: February 8, 1847; died: April 26, 1875; heirs: next of kin: Wm.; James; Robert; John; George; Charles; Margaret, wife of John Sutherland; Mary; Jane, wife of John Henry; Annie, wife of Colin Inkster; Sarah, wife of George McKay; wife: Mary Auld (Métis) =

3. McKAY, James. Born 16 November 1872, Prince Albert (Saskatchewan).

McKay, James; address: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; born: 16 November, 1872 at Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; father: George McKay (Métis); mother: Sarah Tait (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 217 for 240 acres; claim no. 423

3. McKAY, Anne Harriet. Born 20 November 1874, Prince Albert; died 12 April 1899.

McKay, Sarah; for her deceased daughter, Ann Harriet; McKay, the wife of Albert Young; address: Prince Albert; born: 20 November, 1874 at Prince Albert; died: 12 April, 1899 at Prince Albert; father: George McKay (deceased Métis); mother: Sarah Tait (Scot and deponent); scrip cert.: form D, no. 161 for $240.00; claim no. 70

— sp. YOUNG, Albert.

3. McKAY, Margaret Jane. Born 20 November 1874.

Paul, John M; for his living wife, Margaret Jane Paul; address: Medicine Hat; born: 20 November, 1874 at Prince Albert; father: George Mckay (Métis); mother: Sarah Tate (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 776; claim no. 1289

— sp. PAUL, John M.

3. McKAY, Ida Ellen. Born 17 April 1879, Prince Albert.

McKay, Ida Ellen; address: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; born: 17 April, 1879 at Prince Albert; father: George McKay (Métis); mother: Sarah Tait (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 211 for $240.00; claim no. 315

3. McKAY, George Angus. Born 5 January 1881, Prince Albert; died 16 June 1886, Prince Albert.

McKay, Sarah for her deceased son, George Angus McKay; address: Prince Albert; born 5 January, 1881 at Prince Albert; died: 16 June, 1886 at Prince Albert; father: George McKay (deceased Métis); mother: Sarah tait (Scot and deponent); heirs: Sarah McKay, scrip cert.: form D, no. 159 for $34.28; Margaret Jane Paul, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1129 for $34.28; Mary Clinch; James McKay; Virginia Adelaide Sinclair; Cecil Emmerson Young; Ida Ellen McKay; scrip for $34.28 each; claim no. 108

3. McKAY, Virginie Adelaide. Born 18 January 1877, Prince Albert.

Sinclair, Virginie Adelaide; address: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; born: 18 January 1877 at Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; father: George McKay (Métis); mother: Sarah Tait (Métis); scrip cert.: form C, no. 213 for 240 acres; claim no. 309

— sp. SINCLAIR, Frederick Clare. Born 5 June 1865 to Thomas SINCLAIR Sr. and Caroline PRUDEN; half-brother to Hon. Thomas Sinclair Jr. of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia; died 1952.

Scrip affidavit for Sinclair, Caroline; widow of late Thomas Sinclair (now wife of Albert Sargent); James A. Sinclair, born: 5 June 1858; Caroline Sinclair, born: 17 March 1861; Frederick Sinclair, born: 5 June 1865; Maria Louisa Sinclair, born: 5 August 1868 =

4. SINCLAIR, Frederick. Born 1900; died 1937.

4. SINCLAIR, George Cuthbert. Born 1901; died 1936.

— sp. FONTAINE, Edna.

4. SINCLAIR, Margaret Alexandra. Born 1902.

— sp. ROSSER, Joe.

4. SINCLAIR, Terry.

4. SINCLAIR, Jane.

— sp. WILSON, C.D.

— sp. COTS, A.J.

4. SINCLAIR, Reginald.

— sp. BOEHM, Emily.

5. SINCLAIR, Donald.

— sp. PAUL, Jeanne.

5. SINCLAIR, Stacey.

2. McKAY, Angus [MPP]. Born 1 November 1836, North-west.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, Angus, M.P.P.; born: November 1, 1836; father: James McKay (Scot); mother: Marguerite Gladu =

— sp. ROLETTE/BOULETTE, Virginie. Born 4 August 1849, Red River, to Joseph ROLETTE/BOULETTE.

Scrip affidavit for McKay, Virginie (nee Rolette); wife of Angus McKay M.P.P.; born: 4 Aug. 1849; father: Joseph Rolette a French Canadian =

3. McKAY, John George ALexander. Born 16 July 1881, Berens River.

McKay, Angus; heir to his deceased son, John George Alexande; McKay; born: 16 July, 1881 at Berens River; died: 15 November, 1881 at Berens River; address: Berens River; father: Angus McKay (Whiteman and deponent); mother: Virginie Rollette (Métis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1723; claim no. 851

3. McKAY, Angus Tache. Born 19 July 1883, Berens River.

McKay, Angus; for his minor son, Angus Tache McKay; address: Berens River; born: 19 July, 1883 at Berens River; father: Angus McKay (Whiteman and deponent); mother: Virginie Rollette (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3085; claim no. 856

3. McKAY, Leo Taschareau Joachim. Born 2 September 1885, Berens River.

McKay, Angus; for his minor son, Leo Taschareau Joachin McKay; born: 2 September, 1885 at Berens River; address: Berens River; father: Angus McKay (Whiteman and deponent); mother: Virginie Rollette (Métis); scrip cert.: form E, no. 3087; claim no. 857

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[Credit: The original research on which this page is based was commissioned for the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia Project, by Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Manitoba. The current page is presented gratis — I have no funding from any agency.]

One Response to Hon. James McKay, St. James

  1. Sharon Kristjansson says:

    I am a decendant of the Honorable James Mackay. I have a lot of questions and want answers as to why there are claims that Mr Honorable James Mackay has no living decendant . Please put me in contact with the appropriate department as I want answers.

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