For the bigger, more comprehensive blog devoted to Red River:

Provisional Government of Assiniboia: Acknowledging the Contribution of Original North American Peoples to the Creation of Manitoba

Capture blog2

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Scraps of the Past:

Shipping News in Land-locked Red River Settlement:

wetPrinted in the Red River Settlement newspaper, The Nor’-Wester (15 March 1861), 4.


WreckLink to text of article, printed in The Nor’-Wester (28 December 1859), 2.


wreck of IndianLink to text of article, printed in The Nor’-Wester (28 January 1860), 3.


fearful gale

royal charter

screw steamer Indian

great eastern

fishing fortunr

“Miscellaneous Items,” The Nor’-Wester (14 February 1860), 1.


another expeditionLink to text of article, printed in The Nor’-Wester (14 February 1860), 1.


loss of eagleLink to text of article in The Nor’-Wester (14 February 1860), 4.


Donald Gunn‘s Description of Shipping Voyages from London to York Factory, transcribed from “How We Commenced Business,” Nor’-Wester (28 February 1860), 4.

“The navigation from London to York Factory is difficult and dangerous. After crossing the Atlantic, you meet with huge icebergs on the shores of Labrador, a collision with which, when the ship is running before the wind, would prove disastrous. And although the vessel should escape these icebergs without injury, she must encounter the pack-ice in the Straits, where some seasons she remains immovably fixed for weeks and is in the most imminent danger of being broken to pieces or sunk by the pressure of the huge floes. Nor is the danger over when the straits are passed. The ice in the Bay rushes from one quarter to another during the months of July and August, and when ships are so unfortunate as to become entangled in this drifting ice, they are so much retarded that their voyage from Britain becomes one of three or four months, seldom reaching York before the middle of August, and sometimes after the 24th of September. But notwith-standing all the danger here expressed and implied, we have no instances, during the last fifty years, of any ships having been lost on this voyaging, except one in the summer of 1819, and one (the Kitty) last summer. Almost all the property indented for, last year, by the settlers [at Red River], was on board the Kitty, amounting to nearly £10,000. Those who imported largely had their property insured, but few or none of the small importers had theirs.”

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